Impact of Conventional Munitions on Environment and Population
Proceedings of the NATO Advanced Research Workshop on Defense Industries: Science and Technology Related to Security: Impact of Conventional Munitions on Environment and Population, Porto, Portugal 28-31 October 2001.
The state of the art in the area of security related civil science and technology concerning energetic materials and munitions is of pressing importance at the present time, because 10 years after the end of the cold war, in many countries in east and west, huge stockpiles of munitions still await destruction.
The safety behavior of munitions and their energetic material is the determining factor for all precautionary measures for the protection of environment and population. The probability of a catastrophic reaction of munitions and their energetic components will be so more likely, the closer the munitions are to the end of their life time. Residues and undetected ordnance, recycling, destruction of ammunition and depletion or reuse of energetic materials will either cause more or less damage to environment.
Scientific research and development have the aim to increase performance of munitions on one side and to improve safety in relation to unpredictable events on the other side. The impact on the environment by the production and normal use of munitions and their residues after use will acquire an increasing importance in environmental awareness.
The excellent technical presentations were classified in five Groups, according to the technical programme. The "Introduction to the subject; Methods, tests and application; Insensitive and "green" munitions; Storage and transportation; and Demilitarisation and recycling" sessions, were closed by a final and general interesting discussion among participants.
From the contentsPreface.- Introduction into the Problematics.- Methods, Tests and Application.- Insensitive and "Green" Munition.- Storage and Transportation.- Demilitarization and Recycling.- Adam Cumming - Some Observations and Conclusions.