560 pages, 4 colour & 84 b/w illustrations, 42 tables
To provide useful and meaningful information, long-term ecological programs need to implement solid and efficient statistical approaches for collecting and analyzing data. This volume provides rigorous guidance on quantitative issues in monitoring, with contributions from world experts in the field. These experts have extensive experience in teaching fundamental and advanced ideas and methods to natural resource managers, scientists, and students. The chapters present a range of tools and approaches, including detailed coverage of variance component estimation and quantitative selection among alternative designs; spatially balanced sampling; sampling strategies integrating design- and model-based approaches; and advanced analytical approaches such as hierarchical and structural equation modelling. Making these tools more accessible to ecologists and other monitoring practitioners across numerous disciplines, this is a valuable resource for any professional whose work deals with ecological monitoring.
List of contributors
Part I. Overview
1. Ecological monitoring: the heart of the matter Robert A. Gitzen and Joshua J. Millspaugh
2. An overview of statistical considerations in long-term monitoring Joel H. Reynolds
3. Monitoring (that) matters Douglas H. Johnson
4. Maximizing the utility of monitoring to the adaptive management of natural resources William L. Kendall and Clinton T. Moore
Part II. Survey Design
5. Spatial sampling designs for long-term ecological monitoring Trent McDonald
6. Spatially balanced survey designs for natural resources Anthony R. Olsen, Thomas M. Kincaid and Quinn Payton
7. The role of monitoring design in detecting trend in long-term ecological monitoring studies N. Scott Urquhart
8. Estimating variance components and related parameters when planning long-term monitoring programs John R. Skalski
9. Variance components estimation for continuous and discrete data, with emphasis on cross-classified sampling designs Brian R. Gray
10. Simulating future uncertainty to guide the selection of survey designs for long-term monitoring Steven L. Garman, E. William Schweiger and Daniel J. Manier
Part III. Data Analysis
11. Analysis options for estimating status and trends in long-term monitoring Jonathan Bart and Hawthorne L. Beyer
12. Analytical options for estimating ecological thresholds - statistical considerations Song S. Qian
13. The treatment of missing data in long-term monitoring programs Douglas H. Johnson and Michael B. Soma
14. Survey analysis in natural resource monitoring programs with a focus on cumulative distribution functions Thomas M. Kincaid and Anthony R. Olsen
15. Structural equation modeling and the analysis of long-term monitoring data James B. Grace, Jon E. Keeley, Darren J. Johnson and Kenneth A. Bollen
Part IV. Advanced Issues and Applications
16. GRTS and graphs: monitoring natural resources in urban landscapes Todd R. Lookingbill, John Paul Schmit and Shawn L. Carter
17. Incorporating predicted species distribution in adaptive and conventional sampling designs David R. Smith, Lei Yuancai, Christopher A. Walter and John A. Young
18. Study design and analysis options for demographic and species occurrence dynamics Darryl I. MacKenzie
19. Dealing with incomplete and variable detectability in multi-year, multi-site monitoring of ecological populations Sarah J. Converse and J. Andrew Royle
20. Optimal spatio-temporal monitoring designs for characterizing population trends Mevin B. Hooten, Beth E. Ross and Christopher K. Wikle
21. Use of citizen-science monitoring for pattern discovery and biological inference Wesley M. Hochachka, Daniel Fink and Benjamin Zuckerberg
Part V. Conclusion
22. Institutionalizing an effective long-term monitoring program in the U.S. National Park Service Steven G. Fancy and Robert E. Bennetts
23. Choosing among long-term ecological monitoring programs and knowing when to stop Hugh P. Possingham, Richard A. Fuller and Liana N. Joseph
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Robert A. Gitzen is a Research Scientist at the School of Natural Resources, University of Missouri, Columbia. He has worked closely with the U.S. National Park Service to develop monitoring studies in the northern Great Plains, and has conducted numerous research studies focused on quantitative methods and wildlife conservation.
Joshua J. Millspaugh is Professor and Pauline O'Connor Distinguished Professor of Wildlife Management at the University of Missouri, Columbia. He has written and edited 3 previous books on quantitative methods in ecology, received state and national awards for teaching, and serves frequently on scientific panels addressing pressing conservation issues.
Andrew B. Cooper is Associate Professor in the School of Resource and Environmental Management, Simon Fraser University, British Columbia. A quantitative ecologist, he has worked extensively with federal, state/provincial, and regional fish and wildlife management agencies as well as a number of environmental conservation organizations in the USA and Canada.
Daniel S. Licht is Regional Wildlife Biologist for the Midwest Region of the U.S. National Park Service. Having worked on wildlife issues in many parts of the USA, his experience includes wildlife and habitat management and restoration, inventory and monitoring, research, and program administration.