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Effective Conservation Science: Data Not Dogma

New

By: Peter M Kareiva(Editor), Michelle Marvier(Editor), Brian R Silliman(Editor)

190 pages, 45 b/w photos and b/w illustrations, tables

Oxford University Press

Paperback | Oct 2017 | #235873 | ISBN-13: 9780198808985
Availability: In stock
NHBS Price: £34.99 $47/€39 approx
Hardback | Oct 2017 | #235872 | ISBN-13: 9780198808978
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About this book

This edited volume assembles some of the most intriguing voices in modern conservation biology. Collectively they highlight many of the most challenging questions being asked in conservation science today, each of which will benefit from new experiments, new data, and new analyses. Effective Conservation Science's principal aim is to inspire readers to tackle these uncomfortable issues head-on. A second goal is to be reflective and consider how the field has reacted to challenges, and to what extent these challenges advance conservation science. A concluding chapter will synthesize common themes that emerge from the experiences of the authors in these debates and discuss how best to guard against confirmation bias. The hope is that Effective Conservation Science will lead to greater conservation of ecosystems and biodiversity by harnessing the engine of constructive scientific scepticism in service of better results.

"The book tackles the philosophical and scientific issues that have divided the field of conservation biology in recent years."
– Keith Kloor, Slate


Contents

Reproducibility, bias, and objectivity in conservation science
1: Uncomfortable questions and inconvenient data in conservation science, Peter Kareiva and Michelle Marvier
2: The thin ice of simplicity in environmental and conservation assessments, Moana McClellan and Ian Davies

Challenges to foundational premises in conservation
3: The value of ecosystem services: What is the evidence?, Linus Blomqvist and R. David Simpson
4: Are local losses of biodiversity causing degraded ecosystem function?, Mark Vellend
5: Forty years of bias in habitat fragmentation research, Lenore Fahrig
6: Introduced species are not always the enemy of conservation, Martin A. Schlaepfer
7: Novel ecosystems: Can't we just pretend they're not there?, Richard J. Hobbs
8: What is the evidence for planetary tipping points?, Barry W. Brook, Erle C. Ellis, and Jessie C. Buettel
9: Adaptability: As important in conservation organizations as it is in species, Paul R. Armsworth, Eric R. Larson, and Alison G. Boyer
10: Food webs with humans: In name only?, Emma Fuller

Iconic conservation tales: Sorting truth from fiction
11: Global agricultural expansion - The sky isn't falling (yet), Jonathan R. B. Fisher
12: A good story: Media bias in trophic cascade research in Yellowstone National Park, Emma Marris
13: From Silent Spring to the Frog of War: the forgotten role of natural history in conservation science, David K. Skelly
14: How a mistaken ecological narrative could be undermining orangutan conservation, Erik Meijaard
15: Fealty to symbolism is no way to save salmon, Peter Kareiva and Valerie Carranza
16: Genetically-modified crops: Frankenfood or environmental boon?, Michelle Marvier
17: When "sustainable" fishing isn't, Kristin N. Marshall and Phillip S. Levin
18: Science communication is receiving a lot of attention, but we are not getting much better at it, Yuta J. Masuda and Tim Scharks

Questioning accepted strategies and interventions
19: Overfishing: can we provide food from the sea and protect biodiversity?, Ray Hilborn
20: Rehabilitating sea otters: feeling good versus being effective, James A. Estes and M. Tim Tinker
21: Planning for climate change without climate projections?, Joshua J. Lawler and Julia Michalak
22: Is 'no net loss of biodiversity' a good idea?, Martine Maron
23: Replacing underperforming nature reserves, Richard A. Fuller and James E. M. Watson
24: Conservation in the real world: Pragmatism does not equal surrender, Joseph M. Kiesecker, Kei Sochi, Jeff Evans, Michael Heiner, Christina M. Kennedy, and James R. Oakleaf
25: Are payments for ecosystem services benefiting ecosystems and people?, Paul J. Ferraro
26: Corporations valuing nature: It's not all about the win-wins, Jennifer L. Molnar
27: Business as usual leads to underperformance in coastal restoration, Brian Silliman, Brent B. Hughes, Y. Stacy Zhang, Qiang He

Conclusion
28: If you remember anything from this book, remember this..., Brian Silliman and Stephanie Wear


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Biography

Peter Kareiva has taught at multiple universities (including Brown, University of Washington, UC Santa Barbara, Stanford, UCLA, Santa Clara University and University of Virginia). He has worked as a private consultant and led a NOAA research group at the Northwest Fisheries Science Center on Conservation Biology. He spent over ten years as a Lead, and then Chief Scientist at The Nature Conservancy. He is a member of the National Academy of Science and the American Academy of Arts and Sciences. With Michelle Marvier he has co-authored a textbook in conservation science. He now directs an interdisciplinary program in Environmental Science at UCLA, where an emphasis is placed on the importance of narratives in promoting environmental values.

Michelle Marvier is a professor of Environmental Studies and Sciences at Santa Clara University. She received her PhD from the University of California, Santa Cruz and was a NSF postdoctoral fellow at the University of Washington. Michelle has worked for NOAA Fisheries on salmon conservation and has applied evidence-based risk analysis to understand the environmental impacts of genetically engineered crops. She has published over 40 articles, and she currently serves on the editorial board of Frontiers in Ecology and the Environment. With Peter Kareiva, Michelle coauthored the textbook, Conservation Science: Balancing the Needs of People and Nature.

Brian Silliman is the Rachel Carson Associate Professor of Marine Conservation Biology at Duke University. He was named a Smith Conservation Fellow in 2004, a Visiting Professor with the Royal Netherlands Society of Sciences in 2011, and fellow of the American Association for the Advancement of Science in 2016. He has also received a Young Investigator Award from the American Society of Naturalists (2006) and NSF Career Grant Award (2011). Dr Silliman has published two co-edited books and over 130 journal articles. His teaching and research are focused on community ecology, conservation and restoration, and ecological consequences of positive interactions.


Contributors:
Paul R. Armsworth - University of Tennessee, USA
Linus Blomqvist - The Breakthrough Institute, USA
Alison G. Boyer - Oak Ridge National Laboratory, USA
Barry W. Brook - University of Tasmania, Australia
Jessie C. Buettel - University of Tasmania, Australia
Valerie Carranza - University of California, USA
Ian Davies - University of Washington, USA
Erle C. Ellis - University of Maryland, USA
James A. Estes - University of California, USA
Jeff Evans - The Nature Conservancy, USA
Lenore Fahrig - Carleton University, Canada
Paul J. Ferraro - Johns Hopkins University, USA
Jonathan R. B. Fisher - The Nature Conservancy, USA
Emma Fuller - Data Science, Granular, Inc. USA
Richard A. Fuller - The University of Queensland, Australia
Qiang He - Duke University, USA
Michael Heiner - The Nature Conservancy, USA
Ray Hilborn - University of Washington, USA
Richard J. Hobbs - The University of Western Australia, Australia
Brent B. Hughes - Duke University, USA
Peter Kareiva - University of California, USA
Christina M. Kennedy - The Nature Conservancy, USA
Joseph M. Kiesecker - The Nature Conservancy, USA
Eric R. Larson - University of Illinois, USA
Joshua J. Lawler - University of Washington, USA
Phillip S. Levin - The Nature Conservancy, USA
Martine Maron - The University of Queensland, Australia
Emma Marris - Oregon, USA
Kristin N. Marshall - Cascade Ecology, USA
Michelle Marvier - Santa Clara University, USA
Yuta J. Masuda - The Nature Conservancy, USA
Moana McClellan - University of California, USA
Erik Meijaard - University of Queensland, Australia
Julia Michalak - University of Washington, USA
Jennifer L. Molnar - The Nature Conservancy, USA
James R. Oakleaf - The Nature Conservancy, USA
Tim Scharks - University of Washington, USA
Martin A. Schlaepfer - University of Geneva, Switzerland
Brian Silliman - Duke University, USA
R. David Simpson - National Center for Environmental Economics, USA
David K. Skelly - Yale University, USA
Kei Sochi - The Nature Conservancy, USA
M. Tim Tinker - U. S. Geological Survey, USA
Mark Vellend - Université de Sherbrooke, Canada
James E. M. Watson - The University of Queensland, Australia & Wildlife Conservation Society, USA
Stephanie Wear - The Nature Conservancy, USA
Y. Stacy Zhang - Duke University, USA

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