This book is a non-technical interdisciplinary collection of 12 essays, each of which uses natural or social science methods. The essays analyze a representative set of environmental issues in Latin America and the Caribbean. They consider problems at international, regional, national, and local levels and examine current and historical environmental policy. The essays are organized according to theme and approach into five parts:
-national policies, local communities, and rural development;
-market mechanisms for protecting public goods;
-public participation and environmental justice;
-the effects of development policies on the environment.
Contributors are researchers from Canada, Europe, Latin America, and the United States.
1: Past And Present Conservation Challenges: In the Land of the Mermaid: How Culture, not Ecology, Influenced Marine Mammal Exploitation in the Southeastern Caribbean. Conserving the Pines of Guadelupe and Cedros Islands, Mexico: An International Collaboration. Biodiversity Conservation in Bolivia: History, Trends, and Challenges.- 2: National Policies, Local Communities, And Rural Development: Peasants, Environment, and Maize "Modernization" in Zacapoaxtla, Mexico, 1974-82. Planting Trees, Building Democracy: Sustainable Community Forestry in Mexico.- 3: Getting The Prices Right: Mechanisms For Protecting Public Goods: Market-Based Policies for Pollution Control in Latin America. A Deeper Solution for the International Commons: Building an Effort Control Regime for the Eastern Tropical Pacific Tuna Fishery. Eco-Labeling in Latin America: Providing a Scientific Foundation for Consumer Confidence in Market-Based Conservation Strategies.- 4: Public Participation And Justice Systems: Public Prosecutors and Environmental Protection in Brazil. Democracy by Proxy: Environmental NGOs and Policy Change in Mexico.- 5: The Effects Of Trade And Development Policies On The Environment: Economic Progress in the Countryside, Forests, and Public Policy: Some Lessons from Ecuador and Chile. Environmental Implications of Cuba's Development Strategy during the Special Period.- Index.
(a) Aldemaro Romero obtained an undergraduate degree from the University of Barcelona, Spain, and a Ph.D. in Biology from the University of Miami (1984). Currently he is Professor and Chair of the Department of Biological Sciences at Arkansas State University. He has published more than 430 pieces of work including peer-reviewed articles, articles in non-peer-reviewed publications, books, book reviews, and abstracts. He has obtained numerous research grants, as well as teaching, research, and service awards from a variety of public and private agencies in the U.S. and abroad. His main interests include, but are not limited to, biology of cave organisms (particularly fish), environmental history of marine mammals in the Caribbean, and general evolutionary issues and he has used field, laboratory, and theoretical methodologies. He is particularly interested in interesting questions in science that require an interdisciplinary approach. Homepage: http://www.clt.astate.edu/aromero/ (b) Sarah E. West received her bachelors degree from Macalester College and an MA in Latin American Studies, an MS in economics, and a PHD in economics from the University of Texas at Austin. Her research focuses on market-based incentives for the control of vehicle pollution. Her work has been published in the Journal of Public Economics, the Journal of Environmental Economics and Management, and the Journal of Transport Economics and Policy. She teaches courses in environmental, urban, and public economics in the Department of Economics at Macalester College and is a member of the National Bureau of Economic Research Working Group in Environmental Economics. Homepage: http://www.macalester.edu/#wests