Anemonefishes, one of the most popular and recognizable fishes in the world, are much more than film characters, they are also emerging model organisms for studying the biology, ecology and evolution of coral reef fishes. They are a group of 28 species often employed to study patterns and processes of social organization, intra- and inter-specific competition, sex change, mutualism, dispersal and connectivity of fish populations, habitat selection, pigment pattern formation, lifespan and predator-prey interactions. This multi-authored book covers all these areas and provides an update on the research done with this model and the perspective it opens for the future.
- Contains basic and up-to-date information on an emerging fish model
- Allows non-specialist readers to grasp the relevance of a wide research area
- Provides accurate and easy to access information on each of the 30 species
- Includes guidance for establishing a breeding colony
- Documents that Anemonefishes are useful model organisms for ecological, developmental and climate research
Introduction: Anemonefish: New models organisms for marine science / Vincent Laudet and Timothy Ravasi
Evolution, biogeography and genetics
1. A phylogenetic context: The diversification of damselfishes (Pomacentridae) / Bruno Frédérich
2. Anemonefish Genomes / Nicolas Salamin, Celia Schunter, Alison Monroe, Taewoo Ryu and Timothy Ravasi
3. Biogeography and genetic barriers in Amphiprion anemonefishes / Song He, Benoit Pujol, Serge Planes and Michael L. Berumen
4. Genomic evidence of hybridization during the evolution of anemonefishes / Anna Marcionetti, Sarah Schmid and Nicolas Salamin
5. The use of modern genetic tools in anemonefishes / Laurie John Lee Mitchell, Sakuto Yamanaka, Masato Kinoshita and Fabio Cortesi
Life history and development
6. The post-embryonic period of anemonefishes / Natacha Roux, David Lecchini and Vincent Laudet
7. Color patterns in anemonefish: development, role, and diversity / Pauline Salis, Marleen Klann and Vincent Laudet
8. Age and longevity / Mirko Mutalipassi, Eva Terzibasi Tozzini and Alessandro Cellerino
9. The visual ecology of Anemonefishes / Fabio Cortesi, Valerio Tettamanti and Fanny de Busserolles
10. Sound communication / Eric Parmentier and David Lecchini
11. Neuroendocrinology of life history and stress in anemonefishes / Mélanie Dussenne, Alexander Goikoetxea, Benjamin Geffroy and Laurence Besseau.
Reproduction and social behavior
12. Sex change from male to female: Active feminization of the brain, behavior and gonads in anemonefish / Laura Casas, Coltan Gable Parker and Justin S. Rhodes.
13. Anemonefish behaviour and reproduction / Riccardo Beldade, Giacomo Bernardi and Suzanne C. Mills
14. Social evolution in anemonefishes: Formation, maintenance, and transformation of social groups / Peter Buston, Rebecca Branconi and Theresa Rueger
15. Parental care: patterns, proximate and ultimate causes, and consequences / Tina A. Barbasch, Ross DeAngelis, Justin Rhodes and Peter M. Buston
16. Habitat selection of anemonefish / Kina Hayashi and James Davis Reimer
17. 3D analysis of coral reef informs anemonefish habitat / Akihisa Hattori
18. Cohabitation and competition in anemonefishes: patterns and consequences / Maya Srinivasan and Geoffrey P Jones
19. No place like home: can omics uncover the secret behind the sea anemone and anemonefish symbiotic relationship? / Cassie M. Hoepner, Emily K. Fobert, Catherine A. Abbot and Karen Burke da Silva
20. Larval dispersal in anemonefish populations: Self-recruitment, connectivity and metapopulation dynamics / Geoffrey P. Jones, Hugo B. Harrison, Michael L. Berumen, Serge Planes and Simon R. Thorrold
Human impact and conservation
21. The impact of popular film on the conservation of iconic species: Anemonefishes in the aquarium trade / Carmen R. B. da Silva, Cassie M. Hoepner, Manon Mercader, Vincent Laudet and Karen Burke da Silva
22. Anemonefish Husbandry / Jennifer M. Donelson, Pascal Romans, Sakuto Yamanaka, Masato Kinoshita and Natacha Roux
23. Resilience and adaptation to local and global environmental change / Celia Schunter, Jennifer M. Donelson, Philip Munday and Timothy Ravasi
24. Anemonefishes as models in ecotoxicology / Simon Pouil, Marc Besson and Marc Metian
25. Saving Nemo: extinction risk, conservation status and effective management strategies for anemonefishes / Geoffrey P. Jones, Maya Srinivasan, Gemma F. Galbraith, Michael L. Berumen and Serge Planes
Conclusion: Perspectives for anemonefish research / Tim Ravasi, Geoffrey P. Jones and Vincent Laudet
Vincent Laudet has studied for 20 years the role of nuclear hormone receptors and in particular the thyroid hormone receptor in evolution and development using several model organisms such as amphioxus or zebrafish. Between 2015 and 2020 he was director of the marine station of Banyuls-sur-Mer in France. There, his group focuses on the evolution of life-history strategies, in particular, the recruitment of coral reef fish larvae to the reef and the role played by thyroid hormones in triggering and coordinating this process. Since March 2020 he is a Professor at OIST (Okinawa Institute of Science and Technology Graduate University) and Research Fellow at Academia Sinica (Taiwan) where his group develops the clownfish Amphiprion ocellaris as a model organism for Eco/Evo/Devo studies. He focuses in particular on the function and the plasticity of the brilliant pigment patterns of these iconic fishes. His team actively collaborate with Tim Ravasi on the genomics and ecology of anemonefishes from the Ryukyu archipelago. Vincent Laudet's laboratory has contributed to more than 250 scientific papers and 40 reviews including two books in molecular endocrinology, molecular evolution and developmental biology.
Timothy Ravasi showed for the first time that climate change stressors such as ocean warming and acidification are able to induce genomics and epigenomics changes in tropical fish, specifically his team was able to: (i) demonstrate for the first time that tropical fish are able to restore their energy metabolism if parents are reared at high water temperature (Transgenerational Acclimation); (ii) identify those molecular pathways underlining this transgenerational acclimation; (iii) provide the first evidence that selective DNA methylation of specific loci is one of the epigenetics mechanism used by fish to transfer the information of a new environment to the next generation (iv) unveil the for the first time, the molecular mechanisms underline sex change in cowfishes'. Furthermore, his team sequenced the genomes of the orange clownfish Amphiprion percula, the false clownfish, Amphiprion ocellaris, the Clark's anemonefish, Amphiprion clarkii, and the cinnamon clownfish, Amphiprion melanopus, which today, are among the most complete fish genomes ever been sequenced. Between 2009 and 2019 he was a Tenured Professor at the King Abdullah University of Science and Technology (KAUST) in Saudi Arabia. There, his group focuses on developing genomics approaches and protocols to study coral reef fish, their ecology and their responses to climate stressors. Since August 2019 he is a Tenured Professor at Okinawa Institute of Science and Technology Graduate University (OIST) and Adjunct Professor at the Australian Research Council Center of Excellence for Coral Reef Studies, James Cook University, where his group develops the clownfish as a model organism for climate change studies. Timothy Ravasi's laboratory has contributed to more than 140 scientific papers and 4 book chapters.