Evolution Driven by Organismal Behavior proposes a new way to think about evolution. The author carefully brings together evidence from diverse fields of science. In the process, he bridges the gaps between many different – and usually seen as conflicting – ideas to present one integrative theory named ONCE, which stands for Organic Nonoptimal Constrained Evolution. The author argues that evolution is mainly driven by the behavioral choices and persistence of organisms themselves, in a process in which Darwinian natural selection is mainly a secondary – but still crucial – evolutionary player. Within ONCE, evolution is therefore generally made of mistakes and mismatches and trial-and-error situations, and is not a process where organisms engage in an incessant, suffocating struggle in which they can't thrive if they are not optimally adapted to their habitats and the external environment. Therefore, this unifying view incorporates a more comprehensive view of the diversity and complexity of life by stressing that organisms are not merely passive evolutionary players under the rule of external factors. This insightful and well-reasoned argument is based on numerous fascinating case studies from a wide range of organisms, including bacteria, plants, insects and diverse examples from the evolution of our own species. Evolution Driven by Organismal Behavior has an appeal to researchers, students, teachers, and those with an interest in the history and philosophy of science, as well as to the broader public, as it brings life back into biology by emphasizing that organisms, including humans, are the key active players in evolution and thus in the future of life on this wonderful planet.
PrefaceDedicationAcknowledgements1. Introduction to Organic Nonoptimal Constrained Evolution (ONCE) and Notes on Terminology2. Baldwin's Organic Selection and the Rising Awareness of the Evolutionary Importance of Behavioral Shifts3. Behavioral Choices and Shifts, Niche Construction, Natural Selection, Extinctions, and Asymmetry4. Evolutionary Trends, Sexual Selection, Novelties, Gene Loss, Mass Extinctions and 'Progress'5. Behavioral Leads in Evolution--Form, Function, Exaptations, Human Evolution and Lamarck6. Eco-morphological Mismatches, Human 'Exceptionalism', Hybridization, Trade-offs and Nonoptimality7. Internal Selection, Constraints, Contingency, Homology, Reversions, Atavisms, von Baer, Haeckel, and Alberch8. ONCE Links Internal Factors, Epigenetics, Matsuda, Waddington, Goldschmidt, and Macroevolution9. ONCE Things Are Put Together: Evolutionary Behavioral Ecology, Adaptationism, Systems Biology, and Interdisciplinary10. General Remarks and Bullet Points11. References12. Index
Rui Diogo is an Associate Professor at Howard University College of Medicine and a member of the Resource Faculty at the Center for the Advanced Study of Hominid Paleobiology at George Washington University. One of the youngest researchers to be nominated as Fellow of the American Association of Anatomists, he won several prestigious awards, being the only researcher to be selected for the first/second place for best article of the year in the top anatomical journal two times in just three years (2013/2015). Author or co-author of more than 100 papers in top journals, such as Nature, and of numerous book chapters, he is the co-editor of three books and the sole or first author of eleven books covering subjects as diverse as fish evolution, chordate development, and human medicine and pathology, including a book adopted at medical schools worldwide, Learning and Understanding Human Anatomy and Pathology: An Evolutionary and Developmental Guide for Medical Students.