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Academic & Professional Books  Evolutionary Biology  Evolution

Evolution of Island Mammals Adaptation and Extinction of Placental Mammals on Islands

By: Alexandra van der Geer, George Lyras, John de Vos and Michael Dermitzakis
479 pages, Figs
Evolution of Island Mammals
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  • Evolution of Island Mammals ISBN: 9781405190091 Hardback Aug 2010 Usually dispatched within 4 days
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Evolution of Island MammalsEvolution of Island Mammals

About this book

Over millions of years of isolation, exceptional and sometimes bizarre mammals evolved on islands, such as pig-sized elephants and hippos, giant rats and gorilla-sized lemurs that would have been formidable to their mainland ancestors.

This book examines recent advances in the field of the evolution and extinction of fossil insular placental mammals. It provides a comprehensive overview of current knowledge on fossil island mammals worldwide, ranging from the Oligocene to the onset of the Holocene. The book addresses evolutionary processes and key aspects of insular mammal biology, exemplified by a variety of fossil species.

Contents

Preface. Part I Beyond the Mainland. 1 Introduction. 2 History of Island Studies. 3 Factors that Influence Island Faunas. Types of Islands. Dispersals to Islands. The Candidate Species. Composition of Island Faunas. Part II The Islands and Their Faunas. 4 Cyprus. Geology and Palaeogeography Historical Palaeontology. Biozones and Faunal Units. 5 Crete. Geology and Palaeogeography. Historical Palaeontology. Biozones and Faunal Units. 6 Gargano. Geology and Palaeogeography. Historical Palaeontology. Biozones and Faunal Units. 7 Sicily. Geology and Palaeogeography. Historical Palaeontology. Biozones and Faunal Units. 8 Malta. Geology and Palaeogeography. Historical Palaeontology. Biozones and Faunal Units. 9 Sardinia and Corsica. Geology and Palaeogeography. Historical Palaeontology. Biozones and Faunal Units. 10 The Balearic Islands. Geology and Palaeogeography. Historical Palaeontology. Biozones and Faunal Units. 11 Madagascar. Geology and Palaeogeography. Historical Palaeontology. Biozones and Faunal Units. 12 Java. Geology and Palaeogeography. Historical Palaeontology. Biozones and Faunal Units. 13 Flores. Geology and Palaeogeography. Historical Palaeontology. Biozones and Faunal Units. 14 Sulawesi. Geology and Palaeogeography. Historical Palaeontology. Biozones and Faunal Units. 15 The Philippines. Geology and Palaeogeography. Historical Palaeontology. Biozones and Faunal Units. 16 Japan. Geology and Palaeogeography. Historical Palaeontology. Biozones and Faunal Units. 17 The Southern and Central Ryukyu Islands. Geology and Palaeogeography. Historical Palaeontology. Biozones and Faunal Units. 18 The Californian Channel Islands. Geology and Palaeogeography. Historical Palaeontology. Biozones and Faunal Units. 19 The West Indies. Geology and Palaeogeography. Historical Palaeontology. Biozones and Faunal Units. Part III Species and Processes. 20 Elephants, Mammoths, Stegodons and Mastodons. Distribution and Range. Dispersals. Taxonomic Confusions. Common Morphological Traits. Other Common Trends. 21 Rabbits, Hares and Pikas. Distribution and Range. Common Morphological Traits. Other Common Trends. Dispersal of Lagomorphs. 22 Rats, Dormice, Hamsters, Caviomorphs and other Rodents. Distribution and Range. Common Morphological Traits. Remark on Taphonomy. 23 Insectivores and Bats. Distribution and Range. Common Morphological Traits. 24 Cervids and Bovids. Distribution and Range. Common Morphological Traits. Taxonomic Confusions. 25 Hippopotamuses and Pigs. Distribution and Range. Common Morphological Traits. Taxonomic Confusions. 26 Carnivores. Distribution and Range. Common Morphological Traits. Taxonomic Confusions. 27 Patterns and Trends. Dwarfism and Gigantism. Increased Size Variation. Shorter Limbs and Stiff Joints. Increased Grinding Force. Neurological Changes. Changes in Metabolism. 28 Evolutionary Processes in Island Environments. Types of Speciation on Islands. Intrinsic and Extrinsic Factors. 29 Extinction of Insular Endemics. Natural Disasters. Disappearance of the Island. Competition by New Species. Effects of Exotic Predators. Transmission of Diseases. Habitat Loss. Hunting to Extinction. References. Index.

Customer Reviews

Biography

Alexandra van der Geer is independent researcher, presently guest researcher at Naturalis, the National Museum of Natural History of the Netherlands and at the Department of Geology and Geoenvironment at the University of Athens, Greece. George Lyras is curator of the Museum of Geology and Palaeontology of the University of Athens, Greece. John de Vos is curator of the Dubois Collection and the Collection of Pleistocene mammal fossils from the Netherlands and the North Sea at Naturalis, the National Museum of Natural History of the Netherlands. Michael Dermitzakis is emeritus professor in the Department of Geology and Geoenvironment at the University of Athens, Greece, and former vice-rector of the same university.

By: Alexandra van der Geer, George Lyras, John de Vos and Michael Dermitzakis
479 pages, Figs
Media reviews

This superb book looks at the evolution, and extinction, of placentals ranging from the Oligocene to the present ... a well published textbook, superbly illustrated with drawings and photographs, that it would be fun to read through a little before sticking it on my shelf as a reference book for the future. (Troglodyte4, 2010)

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