Plant-herbivore interactions are a central topic in evolutionary ecology. Historically, their study has been a cornerstone for coevolutionary theory. Starting from classic ecological studies at the phenotypic level, it has since expanded to molecular and genomic approaches. After a historical perspective, the book’s subsequent chapters cover a wide range of topics: from populations to ecosystems; plant- and herbivore-focused studies; in natural and in man-modified ecosystems; and both micro- and macro-evolutionary levels. All chapters include valuable background information and empirical evidence. Given its scope, the book will be of interest to both students and researchers, and will hopefully stimulate further research in this exciting field of evolutionary biology.
Chapter 1 - Introduction: Plant-herbivore interaction
Section I - The evolution of Plant Defense
Chapter 2 - Natural selection of plant defense against herbivores in native and non-native ranges
Chapter 3 - Plant demographic effects of herbivores
Chapter 4 - Towards a unifying quest for an understanding of tolerance mechanisms to herbivore damage and its eco-evolutionary dynamics
Chapter 5 - The extended microbiota: how microbes shape plant-herbivore interactions
Chapter 6 - How plants defend themselves is based on what they remember
Chapter 7 - Ecological genomics of insect-plant interactions: The case of gall inducing insects
Chapter 8 - The ecology of inbreeding depression in plant defense
Chapter 9 - The role of trichomes in plant-herbivore interactions
Chapter 10 - Resource allocation and defense against herbivores in wild and model plants
Section II - Community ecology of interactions
Chapter 11 - Intra-specific variation in plant-arthropod traits and interactions along ecological gradients: evidence from latitudinal studies
Chapter 12 - Ecosystem engineering by insect herbivores: non-trophic interactions in terrestrial ecosystems
Chapter 13 - What is a better source? Sex-biased herbivory and its effects on tritrophic interactions
Chapter 14 - Natural herbivore regulation in tropical agroecosystems: importance of farming practices and landscape structure
Chapter 15 - Functional Plant Traits and Plant-herbivore Interactions
Chapter 16 - The evolutionary context of interactions between herbivorous insects, pathogenic fungi and their host plants
Chapter 17 - Plant domestication and trophic interactions
Chapter 18 - Defaunation, domestication, and dispersal in plant communities
Chapter 19 - Meta-analysis of the diversity and structure of understory plant communities in tropical forests impacted by Defaunation
Chapter 20 - To escape or to defend? The role of enemies in bare and edaphically challenging environments
Chapter 21 - Plant defense evolution: a macroevolutionary approach in the genus Datura
Chapter 22 - The evolution and diversification of a neotropical generalist herbivorous: The history of the grasshopper Genus Sphenarium Charpentier, 1842
Chapter 23 - Evolution among weevils and their host plants: interaction between the genera Trichobaris LeConte and Datura L.
Chapter 24 - Host chemical divergence is a better predictor of herbivore diversity than latitude
Chapter 25 - Concluding remarks
Juan Núñez-Farfán has been a Professor at the Department of Evolutionary Ecology, Institute of Ecology, National Autonomous University of Mexico (UNAM), since 1993. He earned his PhD at UNAM (1991) and completed his postdoctoral studies at the Department of Organismic and Evolutionary Biology, Harvard University (1991-1993). He has been a Visiting Professor at the University of Connecticut (1999-2000), where he worked on plasticity with Professor C.D. Schlichting. Dr Núñez-Farfán is currently investigating the ecological genetics of plant defences against herbivores, particularly with the plant Datura stramonium, using population and quantitative genetics. He has served as Director of the Graduate Program in Biology at UNAM and was the founder President of the Ecological Society of Mexico (SCME). He teaches evolution and quantitative genetics to undergraduate and graduate students.
Pedro Luis Valverde received his Bachelor’s degree from the Metropolitan Autonomous University, Campus Iztapalapa (UAMI) in Mexico City, in 1990. Since 1992 he has been a faculty member at the Department of Biology, UAMI. He completed his Master of Science in Ecology and his Doctorate in Ecology at the National Autonomous University of Mexico (UNAM) in 1994 and 2001, respectively. From 2010 to 2012, he conducted research on natural selection and resistance to herbivores at the University of Seville, Spain. His chief research interests are in plant-animal interactions and the evolutionary ecology of plant defences against herbivorous insects, as well as the reproductive biology and ecology of Cactaceae. Presently, Dr Valverde is President of the Ecological Society of Mexico (SCME).