Evolutionary biologists have produced a solid body of evidence to explain patterns of diversification, both within and among species. Recent textbooks are weighted towards studies of animals, which is surprising given that plants are ideally suited for answering evolutionary questions. Plants do not stand up and walk away and they can easily be cloned, transplanted or potted for experiments. This book aims to set the record straight by placing the wealth of data that have been collected on plants into the unifying framework of game theory. This allows a test of the theory of natural selection in some cases, while in other cases highlighting the need for additional data collection and theoretical development. It is the authors' hope that many students will take on this challenge and help the study of the evolutionary ecology of plants to develop as a mature, predictive science.
1. Optimisation models; 2. Investments, returns and proportionality; 3. Gain curves: efficiency factors; 4. Evolutionary stable strategies: sex allocation strategies as an example; 5. Size at flowering; 6. Reproductive effort; 7. Size and number trade-offs: the evolution of seed size; 8. Sex allocation theory for partially selfing plants; 9. Size dependent sex allocation; 10. Sex ratios in dioecious plants; 11. Outcrossing, selfing or no sex at all?; 12. Heterostyly; 13. Selective embryo abortion; 14. Attractiveness to pollinators; 15. Parent-offspring conflict; 16. Intragenomic conflict; 17. Group and kin selection; Appendix 1. Mathematical help; References.
TOM DE JONG is a Professor in the Institute of Biology, Leiden University. His research focuses on aspects of the ecology and evolution of dioecious plants. PETER KLINKHAMER is a Professor in the Institute of Biology, Leiden University. His interests include the evolution of monocarpy, optimal defense against herbivory and selective embryo abortion.
A"For students and researchers interested in evolutionary biology, this is a refreshing work on evolutionary ecology of plants.A" Choice "In summary, we think that the theory-based perspective of this book fills a gap in the area of plant reproductive ecology texts." Tia-Lynn Ashman, Carine L. Collin, Laurent Penet, The Ecological Society of America "The authors have gathered together a collection of data, including charts, tables and equations in this technical publication for the benefit of other scientists exploring the evolutionary process." Marilyn K. Alaimo, Chicago Botanic Garden "...one of the most readable that I have read, putting many written by native English speakers to shame... I hope that this book will be widely read..." Janet Sprent, Bulletin of the British Ecological Society