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About this book
About this book
This book introduces the ecology of fishes by describing the inter-relationships between fishes and the aquatic habitats they occupy. Sequential reading, chapter by chapter, covers the main themes of ecology, including habitat use, species interactions, migration, feeding, population dynamics and reproduction in relation to the major habitats occupied by fishes.
Part 1 The environment, organisms and relationships: properties of water; diversity of fishes; relationships. Part 2 Effects of abiotic environmental identities on distribution: effects of abiotic identities; abiotic factors and the distribution of river fishes, fishes in lakes, fishes in estuaries, fishes in littoral and sub-littoral marine waters, open-sea species. Part 3 biotic factors and the structure of fish communities: classification of the interactions; role of biotic factors and community structure; biotic interactions and community structure in rivers, in lakes, in estuaries, in the sea. Part 4 Migration, territoriality and shoaling in fishes: swimming capacity and energy costs; patterns of site attachment and social interactions; migration; fish movements in rivers; social structure and movement in lakes, on reefs and rocky shores, of marine fishes; diadromy; homing; implications for exploitation. Part 5 Feeding and growth: feeding ecology in riverine environments, lakes, estuaries, marine fishes; detection and selection of food; ecomorphology of feeding; trophic categories of fishes; utilization of food; rate of food consumption; growth. Part 6 Life histories and population dynamics: life-history traits and the concept of trade-offs; reproductive pattern of riverine fishes; reproductive patterns of lake fishes; breeding patterns of estuarine fishes; breeding patterns in the sea; population characteristics; dynamics of fish populations; production. Part 7 Applied ecology of fishes: a classification of problems in applied ecology; applied fish ecology of rivers; applied ecology of lacustrine fishes; applied fish ecology in the sea. Appendix: classification of living fishes.