From Fossils to Mind presents chapters on a variety of topics dealing with human and hominin brain evolution.
Introduction / Tanya Calvey
1. Endocasts of ornithopod dinosaurs: anatomy and comparison / Pascaline Lauters
2. What could our premammalian ancestors hear, see, smell, and touch? A review of ten years of research about cynodont palaeoneurology / Julien Benoit, Paul Manger, Kathleen DOLLMAN and Roger Smith
3. Insights into brain evolution through the genotype-phenotype connection / Danalaxshmi Shanen Ganapathee and Philipp Gunz
4. Coevolution of Language and Tools in the Human Brain: An ALE Meta-Analysis of Neural Activation During Syntactic Processing and Tool Use / Chet Sherwood, Veronika Kulik and Laura Denise Reyes
5. Brain evolution and language: a comparative 3D analysis of Wernicke’s area in extant and fossil hominids / Harmony Hill, Amélie Beaudet and Marta Mirazón Lahr
6. Studying lateralized behaviors in living humans: application in the context of brain evolution in hominins / Ameline Bardo, Andréa Filippo and Antoine Balzeau
7. Evolutionary and genomic perspectives of brain aging and neurodegenerative diseases / Brier A. Rigby Dames, Christine Charvet, Araxi Urrutia, Alexandra A. de Sousa, Huseyin Kilili, Karina Díaz-Barba and Michael Proulx
8. Evolutionary History of Hominin Brain Size and Phylogenetic Comparative Methods / Christopher Pestana, Alexandra A. de Sousa, Orlin Todorov, Amélie Beaudet and Julien Benoit
Dr Tanya Calvey has a background in evolutionary neurobiology and lectures morphological anatomy at the Faculty of Health Sciences, University of the Witwatersrand. Tanya’s current research is on the neuropsychopharmacology of ibogaine and substance use disorders in humans and animals. Her research team is multidisciplinary and her research is funded by the South African Medical Research Council, the South African National Research Foundation and the International Society for Neurochemistry. Tanya is also actively involved in developing neuroscience research in Africa. She is the Secretary of the Southern African Neuroscience Society and the co-founder of the Wits Cortex Club.
Dr Alexandra De Sousa is a Senior Lecturer for Psychology at the School of Sciences of Bath Spa University, UK. Her research examines the relationship between human behaviour and brain structure. As an evolutionary neuroscientist, she approaches behaviour from “deep” anatomical and evolutionary frames of reference. She researches the emergence of human cognition from fossil, archaeological, and genetic records. Her recent studies have focused on the neuroanatomical and comparative basis of cognition and its implications for well-being and inclusivity in the built and unbuilt environment.
Dr Amélie Beaudet is a palaeoanthropologist working on Plio-Pleistocene hominin palaeobiology with a particular interest in the evolutionary and adaptive contexts from which the genus Homo emerged. She started her research on the African fossil record within the frame of her PhD at the University of Toulouse (France) in 2012 that focused on the study of nonhominin primates that coexisted with hominins during the Plio-Pleistocene transition in Africa. During her postdoctoral contract at the University of Pretoria (South Africa) in 2016 funded by the Erasmus program AESOP+, she developed a particular interest in hominin brain evolutionary history. Subsequently, she was granted funding from the Claude Leon Foundation and the Center of Excellence in Palaeosciences to study the fossil hominin assemblage from the site of Sterkfontein as a postdoctoral research fellow at the University of the Witwatersrand (South Africa) from 2017 to 2020. She joined the University of Cambridge as a lecturer in 2020.