By: Board on Agriculture and Natural Resources (BANR)(Author), Division on Earth and Life Studies (DELS)(Author), National Academies of Sciences Engineering, and Medicine (NASEM)(Author)
Genetically engineered (GE) crops were first introduced commercially in the 1990s. After two decades of production, some groups and individuals remain critical of the technology based on their concerns about possible adverse effects on human health, the environment, and ethical considerations. At the same time, others are concerned that the technology is not reaching its potential to improve human health and the environment because of stringent regulations and reduced public funding to develop products offering more benefits to society. While the debate about these and other questions related to the genetic engineering techniques of the first 20 years goes on, emerging genetic-engineering technologies are adding new complexities to the conversation.
Genetically Engineered Crops builds on previous related Academies reports published between 1987 and 2010 by undertaking a retrospective examination of the purported positive and adverse effects of GE crops and to anticipate what emerging genetic-engineering technologies hold for the future. Genetically Engineered Crops indicates where there are uncertainties about the economic, agronomic, health, safety, or other impacts of GE crops and food, and makes recommendations to fill gaps in safety assessments, increase regulatory clarity, and improve innovations in and access to GE technology.
1 The Study of Genetically Engineered Crops by the National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine
2 The Framework of the Report
3 Genetically Engineered Crops Through 2015
4 Agronomic and Environmental Effects of Genetically Engineered Crops
5 Human Health Effects of Genetically Engineered Crops
6 Social and Economic Effects of Genetically Engineered Crops
7 Future Genetic-Engineering Technologies
8 Future Genetically Engineered Crops
9 Regulation of Current and Future Genetically Engineered Crops
Appendix A Biographical Sketches of Committee Members
Appendix B Revisions to the Statement of Task
Appendix C Agendas of Information-Gathering Sessions
Appendix D Agenda for Workshop on Comparing the Environmental Effects of Pest Management Practices Across Cropping Systems
Appendix E Invited Speakers Unavailable to Present to the Committee
Appendix F Summarized Comments Received from Members of the Public
Appendix G Glossary
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