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About this book
About this book
The sunflower has fascinated mankind for centuries. The oilseed sunflower contributes approximately 10 per cent of the world's plant-derived edible oil and the confection type sunflower holds a considerable share of the directly consumed snacks market. In addition, sunflower is also grown as an ornamental for cut flowers, as well as in home gardens.
There has been an explosion of information on genetic markers, DNA sequences, and genomic resources for most major food crops including sunflower. This volume is intended to bridge traditional research with modern molecular investigations on sunflower.
Basic Information: Gerald Seiler & C.C. Jan; Introduction; Economic Importance; Crop History; Botanical Description; Genetic Resources; Importance as a Model Plant; Conclusions; References; Classic Genetics and Breeding: Felicity Vear; Introduction; Hybrids; Breeding Methods; Breeding Objectives; Classic Genetic Mapping and Cytogenetics; Interest of Molecular Maps and Knowledge of Genomics for Conventional Genetics and Breeding; The Introduction of Genomics in Breeding since 1995; References; Genetic Linkage Maps: Strategies, Resources and Achievements: Jinguo Hu; Introduction; Brief History of Mapping Efforts: Morphological and Biochemical Markers; DNA-based Marker Techniques; Mapping Populations and Tools; Achievement; Published Sunflower Linkage Maps; Challenges; References; Mapping and Tagging of Simply Inherited Traits: Volker Hahn & Silke Wieckhorst; Introduction; Disease Resistances; Herbicide Resistance; Male Sterility; Morphological Traits; Seed Quality; References; Molecular Mapping of Complex Traits: Seifollah Poormohammad Kiani & Ahmad Sarrafi; Introduction; Identification Trait Loci Quantitative; Conclusion; References; Gene Cloning and Characterization: Renate Horn & Sonia Hamrit; Introduction; Map-based Cloning Approaches in Sunflower; Candidate Gene Approaches based on Homology to Genes of Other Species; Verification of Candidate Genes and Functional Analyses of Genes; Conclusion; References; Molecular Breeding: Begona Perez Vich & Simon T. Berry; Introduction; Overview of Components and Objectives for Molecular Breeding; Germplasm Characterization; Molecular Strategies to Create and Identify Novel Variation; Marker-assisted Selection; Molecular Breeding in Private Sector Breeding Programs; Limitations and Prospects of MAS; References; Oil Composition Variations: Andre Berville; Introduction; Mutations Leading to One Main Fatty Acid Accumulated in Oil; Tocopherols; Phytosterols; Acknowledgements; References; Transgenic Sunflower: Miguel Angel Cantamutto & Maria Monica Poverene; Introduction; Released Transgenic Crops; Transgenic Sunflower; Overcoming of Crop Constraints through Transgenic Sunflower and New Products; Debate about Transgenic Sunflower; Prospective View on Transgenic Sunflower Release; References; Future Prospects: Brady A. Vick & Jinguo Hu; The Past; Future Potential to Increase Productivity; Impact of Advances in Sunflower Genomics; Future Potential to Expand into Other Geographical Areas; New Uses; Outlook; References.
Editors: Jinguo Hu: USDA-Agricultural Research Service, Washington State University, Pullman, Washington, USA Gerald Seiler: USDA, Northern Crop Science Laboratory, Fargo, North Dakota, USA Chittaranjan Kole: Department of Genetics and Biochemistry, Clemson University, South Carolina, USA