About this book
European Policy Patterns are in a state of transformation. New governance models are shifting power away from states and toward the involvement of all stakeholders and the idea of shared responsibility. It's a move from command and control to push and pull.
What's in this new approach for the environment? This book provides a detailed analysis of the example of integrated product policy (IPP) which aims to improve the environmental performance of products and services through their life-cycle. All products cause environmental degradation in some way, whether from their manufacturing, use or disposal. The life-cycle of a product is often long and complicated. It covers all the areas from the extraction of natural resources, through their design, manufacture, assembly, marketing, distribution, sale and use to their eventual disposal as waste. At the same time it also involves many different actors such as designers, manufacturers, marketers, retailers and consumers. IPP attempts to systematically stimulate each phase of this complicated chain to improve its environmental performance. With the involvement of so many different products and actors there cannot be one simple policy measure for everything. Instead, IPP employs a whole variety of tools - both voluntary and mandatory - which are used to achieve identified objectives. These include economic instruments, the phase-out of dangerous materials, voluntary agreements, eco-labelling and product design guidelines.
IPP is still in relative infancy and can be seen as an ongoing process hugely dependent on effective governance measures to ensure its continued success. This book presents a plethora of perspectives from policy-makers, researchers and consultancies, representatives from business, environmental and consumer associations on how to effectively conceptualise, institutionalise and implement IPP.
The book is divided into four parts. First, the approach to the governance of IPP is examined in relation to other approaches to sustainable production and consumption. Second, the widely differing approaches to environmental product policy in practice at national, supranational and global level are analysed. Third, the book explores the challenge of designing a coherent policy mix to support the integration of sustainable consumption and production patterns by sector and theme. Finally, the book concentrates on the key issue of how to involve stakeholders in IPP in order to encourage continuous innovations for sustainability throughout the value chain.
TABLE OF CONTENTS Foreword Juergen Trittin, Bundesminister fuer Umwelt, Naturschutz und Reaktorsicherheit (German Federal Minister of Environmental Protection, Conservation and Nuclear Reactor Safety) Introduction. Governance towards sustainability: meeting the unsustainable production and consumption challenge Dirk Scheer and Frieder Rubik Part I. The governance approach of integrated product policy 1. From government to governance: political steering in modern societies Renate Mayntz, Max Planck Institute for the Study of Societies, Germany 2. Patterns and key issues of environmental governance: what's new? Andrea Lenschow, University of Osnabrueck, Germany 3. Environmental governance and integrated product policy Dirk Scheer, Institute for Ecological Economy Research (IOeW), Germany Part II. Integrated product policy in practice: varieties of multi-level governance 4. The European Commission's Communication 'Integrated Product Policy: Building on Environmental Life-Cycle Thinking' Klaus Koegler and Robert Goodchild, DG Environment, European Commission, Belgium 5. Promoting sustainable consumption and production at the international level: taking a life-cycle approach Guido Sonnemann, Adriana Zacarias and Bas de Leeuw, United Nations Environment Programme, France 6. Integrated product policy in Sweden Ylva Reinhard, Swedish Environmental Protection Agency, Sweden 7. Integrated product policy in Denmark: new patterns of environmental governance? Arne Remmen, Department of Development and Planning, Aalborg University, Denmark 8. Integrated product policy: the product-related part of the Swiss government's strategy for sustainable development Christoph Rentsch, Swiss Agency for the Environment, Forests and Landscape (BUWAL), Switzerland 9. Integrated product policy as a tool in environmental protection: the Bavarian perspective Hans-Christian Steinmetzer and Uwe Furnier, Bavarian State Ministry of the Environment, Public Health and Consumer Protection, Germany 10. The IPP concept: some thoughts and comments Eckart Meyer-Rutz, Federal Ministry of Environment, Nature Conservation and Nuclear Safety, Germany 11. Integrated product policy: practices in Europe Frieder Rubik, Institute for Ecological Economy Research (IOeW), Germany Part III. Shaping a policy mix: understanding the challenge 12. Integrated product policy and governance: a necessary symbiosis Robert Nuij, Environmental Resources Management (ERM), Italy 13. Integrated product policy in the paper chain Ellen Frings, IFOK, Institute for Organisational Communication, Germany 14. Extended producer responsibility policies in the United States and Canada: history and status Bill Sheehan, Product Policy Project, USA Helen Spiegelman, Product Policy Project, Canada 15. Extended producer responsibility as a driver for product chain improvement Naoko Tojo, Thomas Lindhqvist and Carl Dalhammar, International Institute for Industrial Environmental Economics at Lund University, Sweden 16. The implementation of integrated product policy in southern Italy: the role of community structural funds Ivana Capozza, Orsola Mautone and Maria Angela Sorce, Italian Ministry of the Environment and Territory, Italy Part IV. Getting stakeholders involved: product innovation along the value chain 17. Complexity management with interpretive schemes: the contribution of integrated chain management to integrated product policy Uwe Schneidewind, Maria Goldbach and Stefan Seuring, Carl von Ossietzky Universitaet Oldenburg, Germany 18. Multi-stakeholder approaches to product development Esther Hoffmann, Institute for Ecological Economy Research (IOeW), Germany 19. The determinants and effects of environmental product innovations Katharina-Maria Rehfeld, German Chamber of Commerce, China 20. Integrated product policy: an integral part of corporate practice Claudia Woehler, Federation of German Industries (BDI), Germany 21. Small and medium-sized enterprises and integrated product policy: attitudes and barriers Paolo Masoni and Roberto Buonamici, Italian National Agency for New Technology, Energy and the Environment (ENEA), Italy 22. Notion marketing and praxis transfer: how to bring IPP into reality or how to bring reality into IPP Siegfried Kreibe and Michael Schneider, Bavarian Institute of Applied Environmental Research and Technology (BIfA), Germany