Groups: The Evolution of Human Sociality is the product of a collaborative project based at the Research Institute for Languages and Cultures of Asia and Africa at the Tokyo University of Foreign Studies. Researchers primarily involved in three fields – primate sociology and ecology, ecological anthropology, and socio-cultural anthropology – came together to discuss the shape and variations of groups as sympatric entities, and the evolutionary historical foundations that have led to the orientation of groups in present-day human society. To that end, the book turns to non-human primates for comparative purposes to consider the nature of the evolutionary historical foundations of sociality. In place of the past objective of "reconstructing" the ecology and society of early humans, the book's contributions instead re-identify the creation and evolution of that which is social and challenge the prevailing theory of groups in socio-cultural anthropology. Specialists on research into human beings and those studying non-human primates develop the debate about groups in the context of their own areas of expertise, at times in ways that extend beyond the boundaries of their fields.
- Introduction-In Pursuit of an Evolutionary Foundation for Human Society (Kaori Kawai)
- Part I: The Evolution of Sociality
- Part II: The Organization of Social Groups
- Part III: The Formation and the Development of "We" Consciousness
- Part IV: Towards a New Theory of Groups
- Conclusion-From "Groups" to "Institutions": Summary and Prospects
- Epilogue-The Legacy of Hitoshi Imamura: The Macro lies in the Micro (Ryoko Nishii)
Kaori Kawai is a Japanese cultural anthropologist whose research focuses on East African anthropology. She is currently Professor at the Institute for Languages and Cultures of Asia and Africa (ILCAA), Tokyo University of Foreign Studies.