The open hilly terrain of much of Derbyshire has long been a challenge to gardeners and landscapers, but has produced some spectacular walled and terraced gardens. Wealthy aristocrats created important and unusual pleasure gardens including the famous Bess of Hardwick, the Earl of Newcastle and his Venus garden at Bolsover, the Whig Dukes of Devonshire at Chatsworth and their Tory rivals Lords Scarsdale of Kedleston and the Earl of Harrington with his extravagant and secret Elysium garden at Elvaston Castle. Mineral wealth, including ore and coal, produced wealthy manufacturers and businessmen who created their own fashionable and expensive gardens to compete with established county wealth. These included the fabulously wealthy Arkwright family of Willesley Castle and Joseph Whitworth at Stancliffe. In this lavishly illustrated and lively new study Dianne Barre looks not just at such beautifully restored and accessible gardens as Haddon, Melbourne and Renishaw but also lost gardens and parks at Swarkeston, Knowle Hill, Sutton Scarsdale, Wingerworth and Drakelow and considers the importance of gardens at Derbyshire Spa towns. There are many surprises as the author re-examines the fashionable, the quirky, the accessible and the lost and little known.
Acknowledgements, Accessibility and Abbreviations
Chapter One Introduction. Derbyshire Gardens 1570-1920
Chapter Two The Enclosed Garden1580-1700
Chapter Three Early Eighteenth Century : From formal garden to ferme ornée
Chapter Four Capability Brown and William Emes
Chapter Five Late Eighteenth Century 1760-1800
Chapter Six Early Nineteenth Century : Regency to early Victorian
Chapter Seven Caves, Hermitages and Grottos
Chapter Eight The Early-mid Victorian Period: Reclamation, Rockwork, Conservatories
Chapter Nine A Victorian Miscellany, including designers from Loudon to Sitwell
Chapter Ten The Spas: Matlock Bath, Matlock Bank, Bakewell, Buxton.
Chapter Eleven Edwardian Gardens
Chapter Twelve A Miscellany of Gardeners and Nurserymen
Postcript Three Modern Gardens
Dianne Barre is a garden historian. Her PhD research was on the topic of lost formal gardens in her home county of Staffordshire. She worked with Professor Timothy Mowl on that county in his Historic Gardens of England series. She has published several articles on aspects of historical garden features, especially buildings and has a special interest in seventeenth and eighteenth century landscapes.