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About this book
About this book
Is there potential for a US regulatory system that is more efficient and effective? Or is the future likely to involve "paralysis by analysis"? This work considers the challenges faced by the regulatory system as society and technology change, and our knowledge about the effects of our activities on human and planetary health becomes more sophisticated. While considering the difficulty in linking regulatory design and performance, the text makes the case for empowering regulatory analysis. Studying applications as diverse as fire protection, air and water pollution, and genetics, its contributors examine the strategies of different stakeholders in today's complex policymaking environment. With a focus on the behaviour of institutions and people, they consider the impact that organizational politics, science, technology and performance have on regulation. They explore the role of technology in creating and reducing uncertainty, the costs of control, the potential involvement of previously unregulated sectors, and the contentious public debates about fairness and participation in regulatory policy.
1. Introduction: The Challenge of Improving Regulation Paul S. Fischbeck, R. Scott Farrow, and M. Granger Morgan Part I: Institutions and Performance 2. Safe Drinking Water--Safe Sites: Interaction between the Safe Drinking Water Act and Superfund, 1969-1995 Jared N. Day 3. The First Federal Drinking Water Quality Standards and Their Evolution: A History from 1914 to 1974 Patrick Gurian and Joel A. Tarr 4. The Unintended Consequence of Reformulated Gasoline David Stikkers 5. The Barriers to Corporate Pollution Prevention: An Analysis of Three Cases James Boyd 6. The Political Economy of Interstate Public Policy: Power-Sector Restructuring and Transboundary Air Pollution Alex Farrell Part II: Behavior and Perception 7. Behaviorally Realistic Regulation Donna M. Riley, Baruch Fischoff, Mitchell J. Small, and Paul S. Fischbeck 8. The Impact of Industrial Strategy and Expert Information on Eco-Labels Alain Nadai? 9. Trade-Offs among Environmental, Human Health, and Quality-of-Life Impacts James N. Follin and Paul S. Fischbeck 10. The Use of Public Risk Ranking in Regulatory Development Michael L. DeKay, H. Keith Florig, Paul S. Fischbeck, M. Granger Morgan, Kara M. Morgan, Baruch Fischoff, and Karen E. Jenni Part III: Uncertainty and Technology 11. Performance with Uncertainty: A Process for Implementing Performance-Based Fire Regulations Kathy Notarianni and Paul S. Fischbeck 12. Genetic Testing and the Workplace: A Case Analysis of Chronic Beryllium Disease Rafael A. Ponce, Scott M. Bartell, Elaine M. Faustman, and Timothy K. Takaro 13. International Technology Policy: Challenges in Regulating Ship Emissions James J. Corbett and Paul S. Fischbeck 14. Private Eyes in the Sky: Implications of Remote Sensing Technology for Enforcing Environmental Regulation Molly K. Macauley and Timothy J. Brennan Part IV: Evaluating Design and Performance 15. Workplace Accident and Compliance Monitoring: The Case of Offshore Platform Inspections John R. Shultz and Paul S. Fischbeck 16. Evaluating Occupational Safety Costs and Policy in an Input-Output Framework Deanna H. Matthews and Lester B. Lave 17. Integrating Performance in the Design of a Water Pollution Trading Program Martin T. Schultz and Mitchell J. Small 18. Analysis of the Benefits and Costs of Clean Air H. Scott Matthews 19. Facilitating Regulatory Design and Stakeholder Participation: The FERET Template with an Application to the Clean Air Act R. Scott Farrow, Eva Wong, Rafael A. Ponce, Elaine M. Faustman, and Richard O. Zerbe 20. Epilogue: The Challenge of Improving Regulation Paul S. Fischbeck and R. Scott Farrow
Paul Fischbeck is an associate professor in the Department of Engineering and Social Policy and the Department of Social and Decision Sciences at Carnegie Mellon University. R. Scott Farrow is director of the Center for the Study and Improvement of Regulation at Carnegie Mellon University.