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About this book
About this book
This book deals with the complex issue of promoting the development towards sustainable irrigation. It does not see sustainable irrigation as a fixed defined endpoint but rather as a locally defined and constantly changing objective. It provides a comprehensive discussion of the importance of institutions and governance to guide this process and then provides examples from around the world of how incentives and instruments have been introduced to support this development, how successful they have been and what the factors have been promoting or impeding the successful outcomes.
The book also highlights the need to see sustainable irrigation in the context of other objectives such as food and water security, reallocating existing scarce resources between competing uses such as urban and industrial users as well as the environment, and how emerging issues such as bio-fuel production and increasing energy prices influence the process.
Chapter 1: Sustainable irrigation: Setting the scene Introduction; Sustainable irrigation in the context of this book; An outline of the book Chapter 2: Sustainable irrigation: A historical perspective Introduction; Examples of early irrigation systems/societies; Conclusions Chapter 3: Sustainable water projects: The task of economic instruments and supporting institutions Introduction; Institutional setting; Financial failures in public irrigation; Economic instruments; Institutions to improve cost recovery; Supporting institutions; Conclusion Chapter 4: Governance and the challenges of water and food security Introduction; Water security and irrigation; Governance and water security; Case study: Irrigation, water security, and governance; in the Murray-Darling Basin; Discussion and conclusions Chapter 5: A robust framework for the allocation of water in an ever-changing world Introduction; Outcomes, principles and concepts; Defining a robust allocation regime for a regulated river system; System bulk allocations; Individual interests; Water accounting; Interception; Allocation management; Facilitating adjustment in an ever-changing world; Managing environmental water; Concluding comment Chapter 6: Non-profit-maximising values and attitudes influencing irrigators' management response to new policy instruments Chapter 7: Towards more sustainable irrigation: Factors influencing allocation and entitlement prices and demand in the Goulburn Murray Irrigation District of Australia Introduction; The study region and water trading background; Influences on allocation and entitlement prices; Influences on the elasticity of water demand and supply; Conclusion Chapter 8: Incorporating the environment into the market: The case of water trusts and environmental water transfers in the western United States Introduction; Institutional framework for environmental water transfers Chapter 9: Water options contracts to facilitate intersectoral trade Introduction; Potential for intersectoral trade in the Murrumbidgee Valley; The nature of options contracts and their applicability to water Markets; Methodology, data and results; Policy implications; Conclusions Chapter 10: Assessing alternative models for farmers' ability to pay for irrigation water Introduction; Background and conceptual framework; Case study from the Kyrgyz Republic; Conclusions Chapter 11: Energy prices, biofuels, and irrigated agriculture Introduction; Model of irrigation water demand; Impact of changing energy prices; Choice of irrigation and conveyance technology; Impact of changing energy prices on technology choice; Conclusion Chapter 12: Toward sustainable irrigation: Would subsidizing improve technologies result in water conservation in Alberta, Canada? Introduction; Policy and legislative framework; Irrigation in Alberta and Canada; Survey design and methods; Survey results; Subsidizing new technologies; Conclusions Chapter 13: Application of economic instruments, tradable licences and good governance for sustainable irrigation water conservation in South Africa Introduction; Some theoretical and practical considerations; Economic instruments for water conservation; Hydrological issues; Empirical results of water marketing studies; Equity with water allocation; Governance in water management; Separation of water and land rents; Conclusion Chapter 14: Sustainability of groundwater resources in India: Challenges and scope for economic instruments and policy Introduction; Overview of groundwater issues in India; Linkages between land, energy and water usage; Alternative economic instruments for Indian groundwater; Synthesis and conclusions
Dr. Henning Bjornlund is an Associate Research Professor at the the Centre for Regulation and Market Analysis at the University of South Australia. He is also an Associate Professor at the University of Lethbridge in Alberta,Canada where he holds a Canadian Research Chair in Water and the Economy - International.[ He writes: "when/if making contact with the Canadian and Australian Water Journals respectively it might be a good idea to stress my Canadian and Australian affiliation respectively and the fact that I am a member of the associations."