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Innovation is central to the dynamics and success of organizations and society in the modern world, the process famously referred to by Schumpeter as 'gales of creative destruction'. This ambitious and wide ranging book makes the case for a new approach to the study of innovation. It is the editors' conviction that this approach must accomplish several objectives: it must recognise that innovation encompasses changes in organizations and society, as well as products and processes; it must be genuinely interdisciplinary and include contributes from economics, sociology, management and political science; It must be international, to reflect both different patterns or systems of innovation, and different research traditions; and it must reflect the fundamental changes taking place in science, research and knowledge creation at all levels. To this end they have gathered together a distinguished group of economists, sociologists, political scientists, and organization, innovation and institutional theorists to both assess current research on innovation, and to set out a new research agenda. This has been achieved through careful planning and development of the project, and also through the ensuing structure of the book which looks in turn at Product and Process Innovation (perhaps the best established focus of existing research on innovation), Scientific Research (assessing the changing character of basic research and science policy); Knowledge Dynamics in Context (encompassing organizational learning in all its aspects); and Institutional Change (an analysis of the institutional context that can shape, enable and constrain innovation). This carefully integrated and wide ranging book will be an ideal reference point for academics and researchers across the Social Sciences interested in all dimensions of innovation - be they in the field of Management Studies, Economics, Organization Studies, Sociology, Political Science and Science and Technology Studies.
1. Product and Process Innovation, Scientific Research, Knowledge Dynamics, and Institutional Change: An Introduction; SECTION I: PRODUCT AND PROCESS INNOVATION; 2. Introduction; 3. Product and Process Innovation: A Review of Organizational and Environmental Determinants; 4. Interorganizational Relations and Innovation: Review and Speculation; 5. Knowledge-based View of Radical Innovation: Toyota Prius Case; 6. Markets and Industrial Innovation; 7. Can Regulations Induce Environmental Innovations? An Analysis of the Role of Regulations in the Pulp and Paper Industry in Selected Industrialized Countries; 8. From Theory to Practice: The Use of the Systems of Innovation Approach in Innovation Policy; SECTION II: SCIENTIFIC RESEARCH; 9. Introduction; 10. Factors Influencing Advances in Science and Technology: Variation due to Diversity in Research Profiles; 11. Network Attributes Impacting the Generation and Flow of Knowledge Within and From the Basic Science Community; 12. Innovation, Learning, and Macro-Institutional Change: The Limits of the Market Model as an Organizing Principle for Research Systems; 13. How is Innovation Influenced by Science and Technology Policy Governance? Transatlantic Comparisons; 14. Two Styles of Knowing and Knowledge Regimes: Between 'Explicitation' and 'Exploration' Under Conditions of 'Functional Specialization' or 'Fragmental Distribution'; SECTION III: KNOWLEDGE DYNAMICS IN CONTEXT; 15. Introduction; 16. Building Innovation Capabilities: The Development of Design-Oriented Organizations; 17. New Sources of Radical Innovation Research-Technologies: Transversity and Distributed Learning in a Post-Industrial Order; 18. How Markets Matter: Radical Innovation, Societal Acceptance and the Case of Genetically Engineered Food; 19. Prospective Structures of Science and Science Policy; 20. The Role of Education and Training Systems in Innovation; SECTION IV: INSTITUTIONAL CHANCE; 21. Introduction; 22. A Path Dependent Perspective on Institutional and Organizational Factors Shaping Major Scientific Discoveries; 23. Turning Tracks? Path Dependence, Technological Paradigm Shifts, and Organizational and Institutional Change; 24. Patterns of Institutional and Societal Change; 25. Export the Silicon Valley to Europe: How Useful is Comparative Institutional Theory?; 26. What's New? General Patterns fo Planned Macro-Institutional Change; 27. Insights for R&D Managers; 28. Conclusion