This introductory oceanography text is intended to teach students the tremendous influence oceans have on our lives. They are encouraged to look at oceanography as a cohesive and united discipline rather than a collection of subjects gathered under a marine umbrella. Investigating Oceanography teaches students about the historical, geological, physical, chemical and biological characteristics of the ocean environment using remarkable images and photos. The authors have incorporated essays written by several scientists discussing topics in their fields of specialization. In addition to understanding processes and principles, the authors believe students must have a basic command of the language of marine science in order to understand the constant barrage of information concerning our planet and marine issues. By the end of this course, the authors want students to be prepared for future environmental discussions and the ability to make decisions as informed global citizens.
Prologue: The History of Oceanography
1 The Water Planet
2 Earth Structure and Plate Tectonics
3 The Sea Floor and Its Sediments
4 The Physical Properties of Water
6 The Atmosphere and the Oceans
7 Ocean Structure and Circulation
8 The Waves
9 The Tides
10 Coasts, Beaches, and Estuaries
11 The Living Ocean
12 The Plankton, Energy, and Food Webs
13 The Nekton: Swimmers of the Sea
14 The Benthos: Living on the Sea Floor
15 Environmental Issues
16 The Oceans and Climate Disruption
Keith A. Sverdrup is a Professor of Geophysics at the University of Wisconsin-Milwaukee (UWM), where he has taught oceanography for over thirty years and conducts research in tectonics and seismology. He is a recipient of UWM's Undergraduate Teaching Award and is a Fellow of the Geological Society of America. Keith received his BS in Geophysics from the University of Minnesota and his PhD in Earth Science, with a dissertation on seismotectonics in the Pacific Ocean basin from the Scripps Institution of Oceanography at the University of California-San Diego. Keith has participated in a number of oceanographic research cruises throughout the Pacific Ocean including the far Western Pacific, from Guam to the Philippines and Taiwan; the South Central Pacific in regions of French Polynesia including the Society Islands, the Line Islands and the Marquesas; and in the Eastern Pacific off the coast of Mexico. Keith has been active in oceanography education throughout his career, serving on committees of the American Geophysical Union (AGU), the American Institute of Physics (AIP), and the Geological Society of America (GSA). He was a member of AGU's Education and Human Resources Committee for twelve years (chairing it for four years), and also chaired AGU's Excellence in Geophysical Education Award Committee, the Editorial Advisory Committee for the journal Earth in Space, and the Sullivan Award Committee for excellence in science journalism. Keith served as a member of AIP's Physics Education Committee for six years. Keith has worked as the Geosciences Program Officer for the Division of Undergraduate Education at the National Science Foundation from 2005-2007 and from 2014-present.
Dr. Raphael M. Kudela is Ida Benson Lynn Chair of ocean health and a Professor of Ocean Sciences at the University of California, Santa Cruz (UCSC), where he teaches and conducts research on biological oceanography. He received his BS in Biology with a Marine Science emphasis at Drake University and his PhD in Biology from the University of Southern California. Raphael is a phytoplankton ecologist who wishes to understand the fundamental question: What controls phytoplankton growth and distribution in the ocean? His research projects span the range from land-sea interactions and water quality to mesoscale iron fertilization experiments conducted in the equatorial Pacific and Southern Ocean. Raphael is the Director of the Center for Remote Sensing at UCSC, Chair of the international Global Ecology and Oceanography of Harmful Algal Blooms (GEOHAB) program, co-Chair of the U.S. National Harmful Algal Bloom Committee, and serves on the National Science Foundation Ocean Observing Steering Committee and the Scientific Committee for Oceanographic Aircraft Research. He is a member of the American Geophysical Union, American Society for Limnology and Oceanography, The Oceanography Society, and the International Society for the Study of Harmful Algae. Raphael teaches at both the undergraduate and graduate levels, including participation in the NASA Student Airborne Research Program.