Many island societies now face the challenges of severe depopulation and loss of indigenous culture. In some cases, where the value of indigenous knowledge, nature and culture is widely recognized - as in the case of islands that are designated as, or have, Biosphere Reserves or World Heritage Sites - these challenges may be overcome. Even with such protections local cultures are often displaced by excessive tourist visitations, and the resulting ecosystem degradation and cultural commoditization. How best to manage and conserve the natural and cultural beauty, identity and diversity of islands?
This book provides an extensive and unique critical examination of 'special island places' from around the world. Case study material is largely drawn from South-East Asia and the Pacific (Galapagos, Hawaii, Indonesia, Japan, Jeju, Okinawa, Solomons, Taiwan). Distinct chapters consider the political, institutional, economic, legal, cultural, ecological, and community dynamics involved in island futures.
1 Introduction: On Island Futures.-2 The Futurability of Islands: A Japanese Reflection on the Harmonious Coexistence of Nature and Humankind.-3 Between International Law, Kastom and Sustainable Development: Cultural Heritage in Vanuatu.-4 Ensuring the Viability of Cultural Heritage: The Role of International Heritage Law for Pacific Island States.-5 A Fresh Consideration of Development Strategies for Smaller Island States and Territories.-6 Linking Livelihoods and Conservation: Challenges Facing the Galapagos Islands.-7 Managing Environmental Diversity for Sustainable Human Communities: Lessons from East Maui, Hawai'i, USA.-8 Linking Conservation of Biodiversity and Community Livelihood in Komodo National Park, Indonesia.-9 Environmental Attitudes and Behaviors Among Jeju Islanders, South Korea.-10 Changing Coastal Commons in a Sub-Tropical Island Ecosystem, Yaeyama Islands, Japan.-11 A Future for Tradition: Cultural Preservation and Transmission on Taketomi Island, Okinawa, Japan.-12 Environmental Management in Tasmania: Better Off Dead?.-13 An Island Saved, At Least for Some Time? The Advent of Tourism to Rennell, Solomon Islands.-Index
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