Cultural landscapes are a product of the interactions between humans and natural settings. They are landscapes and seascapes that are shaped by human history and land use. Socioeconomic processes especially, but also environmental changes and natural disturbances, are some of the forces that make up landscape dynamics. To understand and manage such complex landscapes, interdisciplinary and transdisciplinary approaches are necessary, emphasizing the integration of natural and social sciences and considering multiple landscape functions. The spatial patterns of Asian landscapes are strongly related to human activities and their impacts. Anthropogenic patterns and processes have created numerous traditional cultural landscapes throughout the region, and understanding them requires indigenous knowledge.
Cultural landscape ecology from a uniquely Asian perspective is explored in this book, as are the management of landscapes and land-use policies. Human-dominated landscapes with long traditions, such as those described herein, provide useful information for all ecologists, not only in Asia, to better understand the human-environmental relationship and landscape sustainability.
Preface Part 1. Understanding Asian Cultural Landscapes 1. Historical perspectives on the relationships between humanity and nature in Japan Takakazu YUMOTO 2. Eco-cultural diversity in island and coastal landscapes: conservation and development Sun-Kee HONG 3. Ethnic culture and nature: interactions in the Hani terrace landscapeYuanmei JIAO, Xiuzhen LI 4. The characteristic of cultural landscapes in Malaysia: concept and perspective Saiful Arif ABDULLAH 5. Introducing geo-cultural landscapes in Iran Forood Azari DEHKORDI 6. Cultural landscapes of the Tengger Highland, East Java Luchman HAKIM 7. Traditional forests in villages linking man and nature landscapes Sun-Kee HONG, Jae-Eun KIM 8. 'Cho-bun', the anthropogeneous landscape in Haui Island, Southwestern Korea Jong-O PARK 9. Human impact on coastal sand dune ecosystem in Korea Jae-Eun KIM, Sun-Kee HONG 10. Have the ecological human rights been globally lost? A conflict of ecological spatial requirements and cultural landscape opportunities in the modern Homo sapiens Anastassia M MAKARIEVA, Victor G GORSHKOV, Bai-Lian LI Part 2. Measuring and Managing Patterns and Processes of Cultural Landscapes 11. A methodological framework to quantify anthropogenic effects on landscape pattern Jan BOGAERT, Yao Sabas S. BARIMA, Jian JI, Hong JIANG, Issouf BAMBA, Leon Iyongo Waya MONGO, Adi MAMA, Edgar NYSSEN, Farid DAHDOUH-GUEBAS, Nico KOEDAM 12. Analysis of factors affecting the landscape dynamics of islands in western Japan Yoko OHTA, Nobukazu NAKAGOSHI 13. Creating pondscapes for avian communities: an artificial neural network experience beyond urban regions Wei-Ta FANG 14. Integrating geographic information into scenic assessment of middle landscapes Sampei YAMASHITA 15. Sustainable management of Satoyama bamboo landscapes in Japan Shigeo SUZUKI, Nobukazu NAKAGOSHI 16. Characteristics of the spatial distribution, vegetation structure and management systems of Shrine, Temple forests as urban green space: The case of Kitakyushu City Tohru MANABE, Keitaro ITO, Daisuku HASHIMOTO, Dai ISONO, Takashi UMENO, Shuji IIJIMA 17. Conservation and management of the coastal pine forest as a cultural landscape Michiro FUJIHARA, Mariko OHNISHI, Hiroyuki MIURA, Yoshihiro SAWADA 18. How to conserve Japanese cultural landscapes: The registration system of the cultural landscapes in Japan Nobukazu NAKAGOSHI 19. Restoring Central Asian floodplain ecosystems as natural capital and cultural heritage in a continental desert environment Stefan ZERBE, Niels THEVS Part 3. Concluding Remarks 20. Integrating nature and culture in landscape ecology Jianguo WU Index