There are more than 6000 species belonging to twenty-seven orders in the Class Mammalia. Comparative studies of this diverse and magnificent array of extant species provide valuable opportunities to formulate and test hypotheses concerning the evolution of reproduction. This is the first book to explore, in depth and breadth, the complex interrelationships that exist between patterns of mating behaviour and the evolution of mammalian reproductive anatomy and physiology. It focuses upon the role that copulatory and post-copulatory sexual selection have played during the evolution of the monotremes, marsupials and placental mammals, and examines the effects of sperm competition and cryptic female choice upon coevolution of the genitalia in the two sexes. In addition, due weight is also given to discussions of the modes of life of mammals, and to the roles played by natural selection and phylogeny in determining their reproductive traits.
Part I. Carnival of the Animals:
1. Quo Vadis?
2. Mammalian classification and evolution
Part II. The Act of Mating:
3. Copulatory patterns: phylogeny and modes of life
4. Copulatory interactions and sexual selection
Part III. The Evolution of Reproduction:
5. Phallic structure and function
6. The testes and spermatozoa
7. The accessory reproductive glands and ducts
8. Cooperation, conflict, and cryptic female choice
9. The evolution of mating-induced and spontaneous ovulation
Part IV. Epilogue:
10. An end of day glass
Alan F. Dixson is a Professor in the School of Biological Sciences at Victoria University of Wellington, New Zealand. His research has involved comparative studies of reproductive biology and the evolution of sexuality in primates and other mammals. During a distinguished career, he has held posts at the Zoological Society of London (1976–1983), Medical Research Council UK (1983–1999), International Medical Research Centre in Gabon (1989–1992), Sub-Department of Animal Behaviour, University of Cambridge (1993–1998) and was Director of Conservation and Science at the Zoological Society of San Diego in the USA (1999–2005). He has authored, or co-authored, more than 160 papers and books, including The Mandrill: A Case of Extreme Sexual Selection (Cambridge, 2015).