In the last 50 years marine conservation has grown from almost nothing to become a major topic of global activity involving many people and organisations. Marine conservation activities have been applied to a huge diversity of species, habitats, ecosystems and whole seas. Many marine conservation actions have focussed on human impacts on the marine environment from development and pollution, to the impacts of fisheries. Whilst science has provided the backbone of thinking on marine conservation, perhaps the biggest change over this period has been the use of an ever-increasing range of techniques and disciplines to further marine conservation ends.
Bob Earll explores what marine conservation involves in practice by providing a synthesis of the main developments from the viewpoints of nineteen leading practitioners and pioneers who have helped shape its progress and successes.
Their narratives highlight the diversity and richness of activity, and the realities of delivering marine conservation in practice with reference to a host of projects and case studies. Many of these narratives demonstrate how innovative conservationists have been – often developing novel approaches to problems where little information and no frameworks exist. The case studies described are based on a wide range of European and international projects.
Marine Conservation takes an in-depth look at the reality of delivering marine conservation in practice, where achieving change is often a complicated process, with barriers to overcome that are nothing to do with science. Marine conservationists will often be working with stakeholders for whom marine conservation is not a priority. Marine Conservation aims to help readers describe and understand those realities, and shows that successful and inspirational projects can be delivered against the odds.
Foreword - Sylvia Earle
2. Marine conservation
- How is marine conservation framed
- A structural approach to marine conservation
- Similarities and difference between terrestrial and marine conservation
- The development of marine conservation
3. People - common and recurring themes
4. Ideas - common and recurring themes
5. Roger Mitchell
6. Keith Hiscock, MPAs
7. Sue Gubbay
8. Joan Edwards
9. Dan Laffoley
10. Callum Roberts, MPAs & fish
11. Jon Day, Great Barrier reef MPAs
12. Keith Probert, MPAs & species
13. Heather Koldewey, seahorses & habitats
14. Sarah Fowler, sharks
15. Euan Dunn, birds
16. Simon Brockington, whales
17. Sue Sayer, seals
18. Alan Knight, welfare - seals & whales
19. Paul Horsman, Seas - pollution
20. Chris Rose, Brent Spar
21. Peter Barham, Habitats - coastal
22. Bud Ehler, ICZM & MSP
23. Elliott Norse, Vision & MPAs
24. Action - Common and Recurring themes
25. The Future -Threats -Barriers to progress -Innovation and the future -Achievements and Optimism
Inspired by a range of diving projects from the late 1960s, Bob Earll studied zoology and then the ecophysiology of mussels for his PhD. Work on citizen science projects for divers lead to his appointment for what became the Marine Conservation Society (MCS). From 1978-1992 he led and helped develop the organisation’s growth through its early days, co-ordinating a wide range of marine conservation issues from basking sharks, pollution, MPAs and ICZM. Since leaving MCS he helped set up a variety of organisations and networks on issues from shark conservation, aquatic litter and a marine industry group.
He is a consultant for Government, its agencies and NGOs on a wide range of topics. Through his skills as a conference and meetings convenor he has worked on a wide variety of issues from fish farming, aggregates, marine spatial planning and marine legislation. He has organised well over 200 conferences but the Coastal Futures conference, now approaching its 25th year, which takes place annually in London, is recognised as the main meeting that brings together the UK’s coastal and marine environmental community. He runs CMS – Communications and Management for Sustainability – which provides a unique jobs and events advertising services and weekly newsletters to the marine community of over 6,000 people.