The ecological impact of climate variability on population dynamics is addressed at the full range of trophic levels, from phytoplankton through zooplankton and fish to marine birds. Climate effects on biodiversity and community structure are also examined. 40 scientists from around the world synthesise what is currently known about how climate affects the ecological systems of the North Atlantic and then place these insights within a broader ecological perspective. Many of the general features of the North Atlantic region are also seen in other marine ecosystems as well as terrestrial and freshwater systems.
Preface; I. BACKGROUND TO CLIMATE VARIATION AND ITS EFFECTS ON MARINE ECOLOGY; Introduction; 1. Climatic fluctuations and marine systems: a general introduction to the ecological effects; 2. Climate variability over the North Atlantic; 3. Modelling marine ecosystems and their environmental forcing; II. PLANKTON POPULATIONS; Introduction; 4. Phytoplankton; 5. The influences of climate variability on North Atlantic zooplankton populations; III. FISH AND SEABIRD POPULATIONS; Introduction; 6. The response of fish populations to ocean climate fluctuations; 7. Marine birds and climate fluctuation in the North Atlantic; IV. COMMUNITY ECOLOGY; Introduction; 8. Responses of phytoplankton communities to climate variability; 9. Effects of climate variability on benthic communities; 10. Climatic influence on marine fish community ecology; V. CLIMATIC INFLUENCES ON MARINE FISH COMMUNITY ECOLOGY-VIEWS FROM OUTSIDE; Introduction; 11. Climate and fisheries: an insight from the Central Pacific Ocean; 12. Complexity of marine fisheries dynamics in the Northeast Pacific Ocean; 13. A freshwater perspective on climate variability and its effect on marine ecosystems; 14. A freshwater perspective on climate variability and its effect on marine ecosystems; 15. Time lags in terrestrial and marine environments; 16. The impact of ENSO on terrestrial ecosystems: a comparison with NAO; VI. CONCLUSION: WHAT ARE THE ECOLOGICAL EFFECTS OF CLIMATE VARIATION IN THE NORTH ATLANTIC ?; AFTERWORD; Index
This is an important book for us all and achieves its aims well. It draws together much knowledge on the ways that current climate change is influencing our oceans and ourselves, with unsettling conclusions. Mark Young, Marine Ecosystems and Climatic Variation, Bulletin of the British Ecological Society 2006, 37:1