International maritime transport is the backbone of the world globalized economy. It is a significant contributor to global CO2 emissions but also likely to be affected by wide-ranging and potentially devastating climate change impacts associated with rising sea levels and increased frequency/intensity of extreme weather events. Maritime Transport and the Climate Change Challenge offers key information and analysis to anyone interested in learning more about the climate change challenge from the perspective of maritime transport and trade.
- the scientific background
- greenhouse gas emissions from international shipping
- potential approaches to mitigation in maritime transport
- the state of play in terms of the relevant regulatory and institutional framework
- potential climate change impacts and approaches to adaptation in maritime transport
- relevant cross-cutting issues such as financing and investment, technology and energy.
Including contributions from 25 experts from academia, international organizations such as the IMO, the UNFCCC secretariat, OECD, IEA and the World Bank, as well as the shipping and port industries, Maritime Transport and the Climate Change Challenge is essential reading for professionals in the transport industry, governments and policymakers, trade bodies, investors, as well as researchers and students in the field of climate change and international transport.
Preface Secretary-General of UNCTAD Foreword Editors
Part I: Understanding the Challenge
1. Climate Change - State of the Science Stefan Rahmstorf
2. The World Energy Outlook 2010: Where is the World Heading After Copenhagen? Raffaella Centurelli and Timur Gul
3. The Impacts of a World in Transformation on the Prospects for Maritime Transport R. Martin Lees
4. Transport Costs, Trade and Climate Change Andreas Kopp
Part II.Mitigating GHG Emissions from International Shipping
5. International Maritime Transport Under the UNFCCC Process Iulian Florin Vladu and Bernd Hackmann
6. Climate Change - A Challenge for IMO Too Andreas Chrysostomou and Eivind S. Vagslid
7. A Rebate Mechanism for an Equitable Maritime Emission Reduction Scheme Andre Stochniol
8. Market-based Instruments to Reduce Greenhouse-gas Emissions From Ships: Taxonomy and Assessment Marc D. Davidson and Jasper Faber
9. Mitigating Greenhouse Gas Emissions from Shipping: Potential, Cost and Strategies Philippe Crist
Part III: Industry Perspectives and Initiatives
10. International Shipping and Climate Change Peter Hinchliffe
11. Controlling GHGs: For Love or Money? Paul Gunton
12. Climate Initiatives of the World's Ports Satoshi Inoue
Part IV: Adapting Ports and Other Coastal Infrastructure to the Impacts of Climate Change
13. Extreme Flood Events and Port Cities Through the 21st Century: Implications of Climate Change and Other Drivers Susan Hanson and Robert J Nicholls
14. Climate Change and Ports in America's Gulf Coast: Planning for Change Michael J. Savonis, Alan Meyers and Joanne R. Potter
15. Investigation of Potential Climate Change Impacts on Ports & Maritime Operations around the Southern African Coast Marius Rossouw and Andre Theron
16. Approach to Climate Change Adaptation in the Port of Rotterdam Tiedo Vellinga and Michiel de Jong
Regina Asariotis is a Senior Legal Affairs Officer and Chief of the Policy and Legislation Section in the Division on Technology and Logistics of the United Nations Conference on Trade and Development (UNCTAD), where she is responsible for the Secretariat's work in the field of transport law and policy.
Hassiba Benamara is an Economic Affairs Officer in the Policy and Legislation Section of UNCTAD, where she is working in the field of trade logistics, including on issues such as the implications of climate change and energy costs for maritime transport.
"The potential impacts of climate change on transport systems makes the need for effective adaptive action urgent. This volume has been produced to consider a range of relevant issues in greater depth and to share the authors' valuable insights with a broad audience. This is an important book and should be read by all those with an interest in the field of maritime transport."
– Professor C. Th Grammenos, CBE, DSc., Cass Business School, City University
"Maritime Transport and the Climate Change Challenge provides invaluable information for use by researchers and managers, in relation to the responses to climate change. It has wide ranging content, from an assessment of the state of the science, transport costs and trade, to the adaptation of ports and coastal infrastructures. Chapter contributions are from practising experts from academia and international organisations and as such are well referenced, incorporating recent publications and ongoing research activities. Publication of the volume is timely and provides a balanced and stimulating reference text for readers."
– Professor Michael B. Collins, Ikerbasque Fellow, University of the Basque Country (UPV/EHU), Spain;Emeritus Professor, School of Ocean and Earth Science, University of Southampton, UK; Editor, Continental Shelf Research
"This volume is innovative and provides food for thought for this key sector of global commerce.Confronted on a daily basis by weather and its extremes, the sector so far has had little opportunity to consider weather changes in a warming climate that could influence maritime transport both negatively and positively. Internationally recognized scientists have contributed to this book which comes at a very timely moment for providing appropriate guidance in the decision making process for the marine transportation sector.
– Professor Martin Beniston, Director, Institute for Environmental Sciences (IES), University of Geneva; Contributing Author IPCC 2007 (AR4)
"Maritime Transport and the Climate Change Challenge is a collection of papers by some of the worlds leading authorities on climate change, global transport logistics and maritime engineering [...] A concise and informative collection of information and opinions, it is unique in allowing the reader to, not only, access the diverse range of related topics; but, also the vast collection of contributor's insights."
– Stuart Sheldon, Sherkin Comment