Marjorie Harris Carr (1915-1997) is best known for leading the fight against the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers' Cross Florida Barge Canal. In this first full-length biography, Peggy Macdonald corrects many long-held misapprehensions about the self-described "housewife from Micanopy," who in reality struggled to balance career and family with her husband, Archie Carr, a pioneering conservation biologist.
Born in Boston, Carr grew up in southwest Florida, exploring marshes and waterways and observing firsthand the impact of unchecked development on the state's flora and fauna. Macdonald's work depicts a determined woman and Phi Beta Kappa scholar who earned undergraduate and graduate degrees in zoology only to see her career thwarted by institutionalized gender discrimination. Carr launched her conservation career in the 1950s while raising five children and eventually became one of the century's leading environmental activists.
A series of ecological catastrophes in the 1960s placed Florida in the vanguard of the burgeoning environmental revolution as the nation's developing eco-consciousness ushered in a wave of revolutionary legislation. Carr served as one of the most effective leaders of a powerful contingent of citizen activists who opposed dredging a canal across the state because it threatened an ecologically rich river valley. Under her leadership, "Free the Ocklawaha" became a rallying cry for environmentalists throughout the country.
Marjorie Harris Carr: Defender of Florida's Environment is an intimate look at this remarkable woman who dedicated her life to conserving Florida's wildlife and wild places. It is also a revelation of how the grassroots battle to save a small but vitally important river in central Florida transformed the modern environmental movement.
Peggy Macdonald is adjunct professor of history at Stetson University.