This book provides the first comprehensive compilation of cutting-edge research on Merapi volcano on the island of Java, Indonesia, one of the most iconic volcanoes in the world. It integrates results from both the natural (geology, petrology, geochemistry, geophysics, physical volcanology) and social sciences, and provides state-of-the-art information on volcano monitoring, the assessment of volcanic hazards, and risk mitigation measures.
As one of Indonesia's most active and dangerous volcanoes, Merapi is perhaps best known for its pyroclastic density currents, which are produced by gravitational or explosive lava dome failures (commonly referred to as Merapi-type nuées ardentes). Merapi's eruptions have posed a persistent threat to life, property and infrastructure within the densely populated areas on the volcano's flanks, as demonstrated most recently by catastrophic eruptions, which attracted worldwide media interest.
- The Scientific Discovery of Merapi: From Ancient Javanese Sources to the 21st Century
- Physical Environment and Human Context at Merapi Volcano: A Complex Balance Between Accessing Livelihoods and Coping With Volcanic Hazards
- Merapi and Its Dynamic 'Disaster Culture'
- The Geodynamic Setting and Geological Context of Merapi Volcano in Central Java, Indonesia
- Crustal Structure and Ascent of Fluids and Melts Beneath Merapi: Insights From Geophysical Investigations
- Geological History, Chronology and Magmatic Evolution of Merapi
- The Godean Debris Avalanche Deposit From a Sector Collapse of Merapi Volcano