About this book
Frequent drought events, recently occurred in different Mediterranean regions, have highlighted a general inadequacy of the current strategies applied to mitigate negative impacts of such phenomenon on different water sectors. In particular, the lack of timely drought monitoring systems, the difficulty in transferring advanced methodologies for the assessment of drought risk to the institutions responsible for water resources management, as well as the complexity in defining simple and objective criteria to select and implement appropriate mitigation measures, represent the main limits to an efficient drought management policy.
These key issues have been tackled by universities and public agencies involved in the EU projects Sedemed and Sedemed II (Programme Interreg IIIB MEDOCC), aimed at the definition of an integrated network for real time monitoring of drought, the development of common methodologies for drought analysis and forecasting, as well as of mitigation strategies for the Mediterranean countries.
This book presents the main outcomes of such projects with a specific focus on: drought monitoring and forecasting techniques at different spatial scales (Part I), new agrometeorological indices and remote sensing technique for drought identification (Part II), tools to improve surface water resources management under drought condition (Part III), methods for monitoring and management groundwater (Part IV) and mitigation strategies to prevent or face drought impacts (Part V).
Table of contents List of contributors Preface Part I: Drought monitoring and forecasting Drought monitoring and forecasting at large scale I. Bordi and A. Sutera Monitoring and forecasting drought on a regional scale: Emilia-Romagna region C. Cacciamani, A. Morgillo, S. Marchesi and V. Pavan Development of the Piedmont Region Hydrological Bulletin as a support to water resources monitoring and management C. Ronchi, A. Vargiu, R. Pelosini, A. Salandin, D. Rabuffetti and S. Barbero Is drought occurrence and severity increasing due to climatic change? Analysing drought class transitions with loglinear models E. E. Moreira, A.A. Paulo and L.S. Pereira Stochastic forecasting of drought indices A. Cancelliere, G. Di Mauro, B. Bonaccorso and G. Rossi Part II: Drought description through agrometeorological indices Use of a new agricultural drought index within a regional drought observatory A. Matera, G. Fontana,V. Marletto, F. Zinoni, L. Botarelli and F. Tomei Distributed estimation of actual evapotranspiration through remote sensing techniques G. Calcagno, G. Mendicino, G. Monacelli, A. Senatore and P. Versace Testing a modification of the Palmer Drought severity Index for Mediterranean environments L.S. Pereira, R. Rosa and A.A. Paulo Regional drought identification and assessment. Case study in Crete G. Tsakiris, D. Tigkas, H. Vangelis and D. Pangalou Part III: Water resources management under drought conditions Drought management decision support system by means of risk analysis models J. Andreu, M.A. Perez , F.J. Ferrer, A. Villalabos and J. Paredes Mixed simulation- optimization technique for complex water resources systems analysis under drought conditions G. M. Sechi and A. Sulis Reservoirs water-quality characterization for optimization modelling under drought conditions: Part I - Reservoirs trophic state characterization B. Begliutti, P. Buscarinu, G. Marras, G.M. Sechi and A. Sulis Reservoirs water-quality characterization for optimization modelling under drought conditions: PART II - Water-quality optimization modelling G. M. Sechi and A. Sulis Part IV: Monitoring and management of groundwater under drought conditions Methods and tools for groundwater monitoring aimed at the water resources management under drought conditions V. Ferrara Study and monitoring of salt water intrusion in the coastal area between Mazara del Vallo and Marsala (South-Western Sicily) P. Cosentino, P. Capizzi, G. Fiandaca, R. Martorana, P. Messina and S. Pellerito Part V: Drought impacts and mitigation measures Guidelines for planning and implementing drought mitigation measures G. Rossi, L. Castiglione and B. Bonaccorso Drought impacts in agriculture: water conservation and water saving practices and management L.S. Pereira Assessment of water shortage in urban areas C. Bragalli, G. Freni and G. La Loggia Drought risk in agriculture in Mediterranean regions. Case study: Eastern Crete G. Tsakiris and D. Tigkas Subject index