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Microalgae, also known as phytoplankton, are abundant microorganisms, which are found in freshwater and marine environments. Phytoplankton are critical to global biogeochemistry since they produce the bulk of oxygen on Earth through photosynthesis. They form the base of the marine food web and are primary producers of organic carbon. Microalgal species can synthesize high value chemical products, such as carotenoids, antioxidants, fatty acids, and sterols. Most recently, microalgae have become an attractive raw material of biofuel, in the form of biodiesel.
In this concise book, expert authors describe the latest research and newest approaches to the study of these important organisms, as well as covering the more traditional methods such as morphotaxonomy. The reader is first provided with practical information on cultivation of phytoplankton, growth media and division rates for different algal species, optical techniques and automated instrumentation, such as flow cytometry. Furthermore, methods and approaches to study gene expression and regulation in phytoplankton are reviewed. A separate chapter is dedicated to the discussion of algal blooms and their effects on local environments. Coccolithophore Emiliania huxleyi and bioluminescent microalgae are thoroughly reviewed by experts in those fields. Finally, Microalgae: Current Research and Applications reviews the state-of-the-art of microfluidic and in situ sensors for phytoplankton identification.
This volume is an authoritative and contemporary review of current research on microalgae. It could be an indispensable tool for anyone working in this field, or who wishes to learn more about these microorganisms.
Chapter 1: Introduction
Chapter 2: The Cultivation of Marine Phytoplankton
Chapter 3: Phytoplankton Gene Expression
Chapter 4: Marine Microalgae and Harmful Algal Blooms: A European Perspective
Chapter 5: Emiliania huxleyi in the Genomic Era
Chapter 6: Bioluminescent Microalgae
Chapter 7: Microfluidics and in situ Sensors for Microalgae