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Proceedings of the NATO Advanced Research Workshop on Multipollution Exposure and Risk Assessment - A Challenge for the Future, Minsk, Belarus, 1-5 October 2006
This workshop proceedings aims to address the complex issue of multiple stressors (pollutants) in the environment. This is becoming a major issue now that virtually every region of the world is polluted. This is true even of "pristine" arctic environments where there are no humans, because chemicals and radiation circulate globally, do not respect international boundaries and accumulate in animals, plants and soils everywhere. There are huge problems, both scientific and politico-legal in managing multiple pollution. These range from issues with identifying cause in the legal sense, when cause may be multifactorial, to issues with understanding the subtle interplay of pollutants at the biological level. The scope of the workshop was therefore very wide and multiple disciplines were represented, including economists, lawyers, and ethicists in addition to scientists. Among the scientists, there was a careful blend of those dealing with the practical problems on the ground, and the more theoretical people who want to understand the mechanisms of interactions between various pollutants especially when all are by themselves present at sub-toxic concentrations. The aim of the workshop was to try to identify the issues and to propose a way forward which could at least start to address the issues in a logical way.
Preface. Section 1: Multiple Stressors: General Overviews. Challenges in Radioecotoxicology; B. Salbu and L. Skipperud.- The Involvement of Pollution with Fish Health; B. Austin.- Effects of Ionizing Radiation combined with other Stressors, on Non-Human Biota; R.E.J. Mitchel et al.- Ecotoxicology - how to assess the Impact of Toxicants in a Multi-Factorial Environment; H. Segner.- A Layperson's Primer on Multiple Stressors; T. Hinton, K. Aizawa.- Section 2: Multiple Exposure Data: What Responses are seen? Effects of Multipollutant Exposures on Plant Populations; S. Geras'kin.- Methodology of Socio-ecological Monitoring using Cytogenetic Methods; A. Gorova and I. Klimkina.- Role of Genetic Susceptibility in Environmental Exposure Induced Diseases; S. Korrea.- Section 3: Multiple Stressor Data: Longterm Effects. Post-Radiated and Post-Stressed Volatile Secretions: Secondary Immune and Behavioral Reactions in Groups of Animals; B. Surinov.- Radiation Induced Genomic Instability in the Offspring of Irradiated Parents; Y. Dubrova.- Evolution Processes in Populations of Plaintain Growing around Radiation Sources; Changes in Plant Genotypes Resulting from Bystander Effects and chromosomal Instability; V. Korogodina, and B.V. Florko.- Clastogenic Factors, Bystander Effects and Genomic Instability in Vivo; S. Melnov, et al.- Section 4: Multiple Stressors: Mechanisms. Multidisciplinary Aspects of Regulatory Systems relevant to Multiple Stressors: Aging, Xenobiotics and Radiation; C.D. Rollo.- Genetic Aspects of pollutant Accumulation in Plants; A. Kilchevsky et al.- Radiation Risks in the Context of multiple Stressors in the Environment - Issues for Consideration; C. Mothersill and C. Seymour.- Protection by Chemicals against Radiation-Induced Bystander Effects; P. Marozik, I. Mosse, C. Mothersill and C. Seymour.- Considerations for proteomic Biomarkers in Rainbow trout Ecotoxicology; R. Smith et al.- Genetic Effects of combined Action of some Chemicals and ionizing Radiation in Animals and human Cells; I. Mosse et al.- Cytogenetic Biomarkers for Exposure to multiple Stressors; M. Durante.- Redox Proteomics - a Route to the Identification of damaged Proteins; D. Sheehan et al.- Exposure Assessment to Radionuclides Transfer in Food Chain; M. de Lurdes.- Radiation, oxidative Stress and Senescence; the vascular Endothelial Cell as a common Target; P. Schofield and J. Garcis-Bernardo.- Sensitivity of Irradiated Animals to Infection; V.S. Nesterenko et al.- Section 5: Multiple Stressors: Applied Aspects Features of somatic Gene Mutagenesis in Different Age Groups of Persons exposed to Low Dose Radiation; A. Saenko and L.A. Zamulaeva.- State of Ecosystems at Long-term Contamination with Transuranium Radionucides; V. Kudrjashov and E.F. Konoplya.- Technologically Enhanced Naturally Occurring Radioactive Materials (TENORM) in Non- nuclear Industry and their Impact into Environment and Occupational Radiation Risk; B. Michalik.- Steppe Soils Buffer Capacity and the Multipollution Impact of Industrial Enterprises in Ukraine; M. Kharytonov et al.- Cancer Risk Assessment in Drinking Water of Izmir, Turkey; S. Aslan and A. Demirkol Turkman.- Enchanced Adsorption of Atrazine in Different Soils in the Presence of Fungal Laccase; N.A. Kulikova et al.- Problem of Microelementoze and Technology allowing its Elimination with the Help of Geothermal mineralized Sources; K.T. Norculova.- Ecology related Microbiological and Biochemical Parameters in Assessing Soils exposed to Antropogenic Pollution; F. Zdenek and K. Demnerova.- Molecular & Cellular Effects of chronic Low Dose-Rate ionizing Radiation Exposure in Mice; A.N. Osipov.- Section 6: Multiple Stressors - Risk Assessment and Legal I Ethical Aspects Modeling the best Use of Investments for Minimizing Risks of Multiple Stressors on the Environment; G. Kharlamova.- Learning from Chernobyl: Past and Present Responses; O. Udovyk.- Uncertainties from Multiple Stressors: Challenges in ecological Risk Assessment; D. Oughton.- Nuclear Pollution Exposure and Risk Assessment - the Case of nuclear Reactors Accidents involving Radioactive Emissions; B. Constantinescu et al.- Multiple Stressors and the legal Challenge; C. Seymour and C. Mothersill.- Section 7: Round Table Discussion Summary.