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The multitrophic level approach to ecology addresses the complexity of food webs much more realistically than the traditional focus on simple systems and interactions. Only in the last few decades have ecologists become interested in the nature of more complex systems including tritrophic interactions between plants, herbivores and natural enemies. Plants may directly influence the behaviour of their herbivores' natural enemies, ecological interactions between two species are often indirectly mediated by a third species, landscape structure directly affects local tritrophic interactions and below-ground food webs are vital to above-ground organisms. The relative importance of top-down effects (control by predators) and bottom-up effects (control by resources) must also be determined. These interactions are explored in this exciting volume by expert researchers from a variety of ecological fields. This book provides a much-needed synthesis of multitrophic level interactions and serves as a guide for future research for ecologists of all descriptions.
Paperback re-issue; originally published in 2002.
1. Multitrophic level interactions - an introduction T. Tscharntke and B. A. Hawkins; 2. Plant genetic variation in tritrophic interactions J. D. Hare; 3. Multitrophic/multi-species mutualistic interactions: the role of non-mutualists in shaping and mediating mutualisms J. L. Bronstein and P. Barbosa; 4. Tritrophic interactions in tropical and temperate communities L. A. Dyer and P. D. Coley; 5. Endophytic fungi and interactions amongst host plant, herbivores and natural enemies S. H. Faeth and T. L. Bultman; 6. Multitrophic interactions in space: metacommunity dynamics in fragmented landscapes S. van Nouhuys and I. Hanski; 7. The chemical ecology of plant-caterpillar-parasitoid interactions T. C. J. Turlings, S. Gouinguene, T. Degan and M. E. Fritzsche-Hoballah; 8. Canopy architecture and multitrophic interactions J. Casas and I. Djemai; 9. Tritrophic below- and above-ground interactions in succession V. K. Brown and A. C. Gange; 10. Multitrophic interactions in decomposer food webs S. Scheu and H. Setala; Index.
TEJA TSCHARNTKE is Professor of Agroecology at the University of Gottingen, Germany. His research focus is on plant-herbivore-enemy interactions including parasitism, predation and pollination, insect communities and food webs on a landscape scale and temperate-tropical comparisons. He is editor-in-chief of Basic and Applied Ecology and a member of the editorial board of Oecologia. BRADFORD A. HAWKINS is an Associate Professor in the Department of Ecology and Evolutionary Biology at the University of California, Irvine. His research focus is on the biology and ecology of insect parasitoids, insect community ecology, food webs and energy-diversity theory. He is the author of Pattern and Process in Host-Parasitoid Interactions (1994, ISBN 0521 460298), and editor of Parasitoid Community Ecology (1994) with William Sheenan and Theoretical Approaches to Biological Control (1999, ISBN 0521 572835) with Howard V. Cornell.
Each chapter is technical and well referenced, and makes good use of figures and tables to clarify points. An excellent reference book that also meets its goal as a guide for future research in trophic interactions. Northeastern Naturalist "Well written and edited...a powerful guide for the next generation of food web studies, in both pure and applied ecology. This book is an interesting, updated review opening many questions about the role of complexity in food webs and I recommend its reading to both graduate students and researchers interested in the ecology and evolution of biotic interactions." Ecoscience