Negotiating Environment and Science offers readers unprecedented access to the details about some of the most complex and politically charged international agreements of the late and immediate post Cold War era. During his nine years as Principal Deputy Assistant Secretary in the Bureau of Oceans and International Environmental and Scientific Affairs, the author led U.S. negotiations on many significant international agreements. He presents first-hand, in-depth accounts of eight of the most high-profile negotiations in which he was directly involved.
The negotiations covered are wide-ranging and include the London agreement to amend the Montreal Protocol on Substances that Deplete the Ozone Layer, the international space station agreement, the U.S.-Soviet (eventually, U.S.-Russian) agreement on scientific cooperation, the U.S.-Canada acid rain agreement, the negotiations in Sofia, Bulgaria that established a first link between human rights and the environment, and a contentious confrontation with Japan over driftnet fishing. Smith chronicles the development of these negotiations, the challenges that emerged (as much within the U.S. delegations as with the foreign partners), and the strategies that led to substantive treaties.
About the Author
Foreword, by Richard E. Benedick
1. Earth's Ozone Shield
2. The Driftnet Dilemma
3. Acid Rains on Canadian-U.S. Relations
4. Caribou in the Oil Patch
5. The U.S.-USSR Science Agreement
6. Space Station Partnership
7. Human Rights and the Environment
8. Fishing in the Donut Hole
9. On Finding Common Ground
Richard J. Smith was the principal deputy assistant secretary in the Department of State's Bureau of Oceans and International Environmental and Scientific Affairs from 1985 to 1994. Following this, he worked for several years on global issues in the National Intelligence Council (NIC). He has received numerous awards including two presidential honors and the State Department's Distinguished Honor Award, as well as several Superior Honor Awards.
"This is a wonderfully readable account of lessons learned from eight difficult negotiations [...] When and if the United States is ready to go beyond the limited climate change understandings reached in Copenhagen last December, lead U.S. negotiator Todd Stern and his colleagues can profit from reviewing Smith's lessons – as, indeed, can all readers with an interest in the increasingly important role that science and environmental negotiations play in the preservation of our planet."
- Foreign Service Journal
"'A timely and exceedingly relevant contribution to the literature of government and political science. Smith examines, in refreshingly non-academic and jargon-free style, a fascinating new aspect of modern diplomacy."
- Richard E. Benedick, author of Ozone Diplomacy
"'The book has important insights that deal with the negotiation process and how broader politics impact negotiations. Smith's section on Kyoto at the end of the book is right on and should be taken seriously by future negotiators."
- Alan D. Hecht, Director for Sustainable Development, U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA)
"An interesting and important book about a topic now on the front burner."
- George P. Shultz, former U.S. secretary of state (1982-89) and current distinguished fellow at Stanford University's Hoover Institution
"How do we get agreement on the difficult environmental and scientific challenges the world faces today? This well-written and fascinating account of eight negotiations provides many useful answers."
- Joseph S. Nye, Jr., University Distinguished Service Professor, Harvard University, and author of The Powers to Lead
"A powerful pick for any political science or science library."
- California Bookwatch