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These chapters provide up-to-date information on nematophagous fungi, particularly those of the Orbiliaceae in Ascomycota, whose asexual states produce nematode-trapping devices. The authors consider fungal-nematode interactions, fossil fungi, the biodiversity, ecology and geographical distribution of nematode-trapping fungi, and their potential use in biocontrol of nematodes, all in detail. Nematode-trapping fungi with adhesive or mechanical hyphal traps are the main focus of Nematode-Trapping Fungi which begins with an overview of the data on nematode-trapping fungi, including their taxonomy, phylogeny and evolution. Subsequent chapters expand upon the methods and techniques used to study these fascinating fungi.
Keys for genera of Arthrobotrys, Drechslerella and Dactylellina, which include all reported species of predatory orbiliaceous fungi are presented and numerous species from these genera are morphologically described and illustrated. The ecology of nematode-trapping fungi is expertly presented: their occurrence and habitats, their geographical and seasonal distribution and the effects of soil conditions and nematode density on their distribution all feature amongst the relevant themes. Further chapters examine the use of nematode-trapping fungi in biological control and the authors consider nematicidal activities in detail, exploring the many compounds from fungi that feature in nematicidal activities and of course useful paths for further study on this topic. This is a highly informative and carefully presented book, providing scientific insight for scholars with an interest in fungi and in biological control of nematodes.
Chapter 1. Nematode-Trapping Fungi
Chapter 2. Methodology for Studying Nematophagous Fungi
Chapter 3. Taxonomy of Nematode-Trapping Fungi from Orbiliaceae, Ascomycota
Chapter 4. The Ecology of Nematophagous Fungi in Natural Environments
Chapter 5. Biological Control of Plant-Parasitic Nematodes by Nematophagous Fungi
Chapter 6. Molecular Mechanism of Nematophagous Fungi Infection of Nematodes
Chapter 7. Nematode-Toxic Fungi and their Nematicidal Metabolites
Chapter 8. Future Study