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Some two-thirds of human beings live in developing countries, and half the world's population are victims of inequality, poverty and insecurity. Yet despite historically unprecedented advances in global technology, productivity and communications, the 'international policy community' still seems unable to address this injustice directly. The current global economic crisis shows that the market alone cannot maintain employment and incomes, while commitment to dignified welfare standards as a citizen entitlement can be questioned even in industrialised countries.
This book aims to contribute to the construction of a new policy framework to address these issues, by building on the foundations established by a pioneer in this field of development studies, Frances Stewart. The first part focuses on technology, employment and growth; the second on human development, income distribution and poverty; and the third on issues relating to conflict, ethnicity and inequality. The book also contains an intellectual biography of Frances that demonstrates not only her enormous creativity as a scholar but also her key role in international development policy debates.
PART I: INTRODUCTION Presenting the Book; V.FitzGerald, J.Heyer & R.Thorp Social Wellbeing and Conflict: Themes from the Work of Frances Stewart; J.Toye PART II: TECHNICAL CHANGE AND ECONOMIC DEVELOPMENT Technology Change: Sources and Impediments; G.Ranis, M.Irons & Y.Huang Migration and Productivity Patterns in European Regions; G.B.Navaretti, G.De Simone, G.Orefice & A.Salvi Revisiting Technology and Underdevelopment: Climate Change, Politics and the 'D' of Solar Energy Technology in Contemporary India; B.Harriss-White, S.Rohra & N.Singh PART III: HUMAN DEVELOPMENT, INCOME DISTRIBUTION AND POVERTY Advancing Human Development: Values, Groups, Power and Conflict; S.Deneulin Welfare Regimes and Economic Development: Bridging the Conceptual Gap; T.Mkandawire Democracy, the New Left and Income Distribution: Latin America over the last Decade; G.A.Cornia & B.Martorano PART IV: CONFLICT, ETHNICITY AND INEQUALITY Understanding Horizontal Inequalities: the Role of Civil Society; G.K.Brown Horizontal Inequalities and Militancy: The Case of Nigeria's Niger Delta; A.Langer & U.Ukiwo Seeking Representativeness: Affirmative Action in Nigeria and South Africa Compared; A.R.Mustapha Frances Stewart: A Selected Bibliography
VALPY FITZGERALD Head of Oxford Department of International Development and Professorial Fellow at St Antony's College, Oxford, UK. His research interests include the impact of external capital flows on macroeconomic behaviour -- and through that on growth and income distribution -- in emerging market economies; and the long-run economic development of Latin America. JUDITH HEYER Emeritus Fellow of Somerville College and Senior Research Associate of the Department of International Development at the University of Oxford, UK. Her most recent publication is The Comparative Political Economy of Development: Africa and Asia (with B. Harriss-White). ROSEMARY THORP Emeritus Fellow at St Antony's College, University of Oxford, UK, and also Emeritus Reader of the University. She was Director of the Latin American Centre several times, and in 2003-4 Director of Queen Elizabeth House. Moreover, Rosemary was Chair of Oxfam GB between 2001 and 2006. Among her principal works are Peru 1890-1977: Growth and in an Open Economy (with Geoff Bertram) and Progress, Poverty and Exclusion: an Economic History of Twentieth Century Latin America.