304 pages, b/w photos, illustrations, maps, tables
This major new text provides an introduction to the interaction of culture and society with the landscape and environment. It offers a broad-based view of this theme by drawing upon the varied traditions of landscape interpretation, from the traditional cultural geography of scholars such as Carl Sauer to the 'new' cultural geography which has emerged in the 1990s. People, Land, and Time comprises three major, interwoven strands. First, fundamental factors such as environmental change and population pressure are addressed in order to sketch the contextual variables of landscapes production. Second, the evolution of the humanised landscape is discussed in terms of processes such as clearing wood, the impact of agriculture, the creation of urban-industrial complexes, and is also treated in historical periods such as the pre-industrial, the modern and the post-modern. From this we can see the cultural and economic signatures of human societies at different times and places. Finally, examples of landscape types are selected in order to illustrate the ways in which landscape both represents and participates in social change.
The authors use a wide range of source material, ranging from place-names and pollen diagrams to literature and heritage monuments. Superbly illustrated throughout, it is essential reading for first-year undergraduates studying historical geography, human geography, cultural geography or landscape history.
"An impressive breadth of vision, knowledge and abundant enthusiasm for seeking to unravel the complexities of people/environment relations collectively underpin this book. Through its careful organisation, comparative approaches and its lively text and varied illustrations, this book should appeal to undergraduates following introductory and cross-disciplinary courses."
– Geographical Journal (RGS)
- Prehistoric landscapes
- The origins of agriculture
- Early Urbanization and environment
- Resources and population pressure
- Environmental degradation and collapse of civilizations
- Clearing the wood
- Resource Inventories
- Sustainable resource management
- Large scale landscape change
- Fields in the landscape
- Village settlement
- Landscape planning
- The transition from feudalism to capitalism
- Elite landscapes
- The evolution and impact of modern economic systems
- The industrial revolution
- Modern urban landscapes
- The impact of agriculture
- Frontier and wilderness
- Issues of conservation
- The future
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Peter Atkins, Ian Simmons and Brian Roberts are Professors in the Department of Geography at the University of Durham, UK.