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Soils: soil-forming processes; soil classification; modern and ancient soil types. Sedimentary structures: bedding; ripples, dunes and cross-bedding; turbidites, graded beds and sole structures; deformational structures; biogenic structures. Rudaceous deposits: classification; composition of pebbles; shape and roundness of pebbles; sedentary rudaceous deposits; transported rudaceous deposits. Arenaceous deposits: classification; varieties of sandstone; diagenesis; accessory minerals. Argillaceous deposits: composition; diagenesis; clay minerals and environment; marine deposits; freshwater and terrestrial deposits. Limestones: compositions; classification; allochemical limestones; orthochemical limestones; terrestrial deposits; reef rocks and buildups; diagenesis. Magnesian limestones and dolomites: dolomitization; magnesitic deposits. Siliceous deposits: forms of silica; silica deposition; biogenic siliceous sediments. Ferruginous deposits: sedimentary iron ore minerals; transportation and deposition of iron; ironstones and iron-formations; non-marine ironstones. Carbonaceous and bituminous deposits: organic constitution of coals; rank in coals; humic coals; sapropelic coals; oil-shales. Phosphatic deposits: sedimentary phosphate minerals; constitution and classification of phosphorites; controls on marine phosphorite deposition; bedded marine phosphorites; phosphatic nodules; terrestrial phosphates. Evaporites: controls on evaporite precipitation; classification; terrestrial salt deposits; marine salt deposits; ancient evaporites. Volcaniclastic deposits: classification and constitution; pyroclastic deposits; hydroclastic (hyaloclastic) deposits; associated sediments; diagenetic derivatives.