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About this book
About this book
This collection of essays examines the roles which land use planning can play in the protection of the environment. The subjects covered range from traditional concerns like pollution, nuisance and contaminated land to biodiversity and the pursuit of sustainable development, which forms the defining element of current environmental policy across the European Community and in most other developed economies. Environmental assessment is discussed, along with the succession of public law actions (Twyford Down included) by environmental activists which were necessary to convince the English courts of the full implications (and the `direct effect') of the EC Directive 85/337. The later chapters become progressively more concerned with the planning system as the forum of negotiation and more participatory approaches (as distinct from fiscal instruments and command and control regulation) to encouraging sustainability. The contributors represent a variety of academic disciplines (law, geography, planning, environmental management) offering complementary insights into the planner's role in allocating land uses so as to minimise waste generation and energy consumption as well as maximising local amenity.
Part 1 The environmental roles of town and country planning, Chris Miller: the structure of this book; planning, conflict and the role of the courts; summary. Part 2 Town and country planning and water quality planning, William Howarth: objectives and approach; axioms of town and country planning law; axioms (the same ones) of water quality planning; the Environment Agency and the town and country planning system; town and country planning and sewage treatment works; overlap and separation; conclusion. Part 3 Planning and air pollution, Chris Miller: waste incineration; local authority pollution control; local air quality management; planning, transport and air pollution; discussion. Part 4 Risk, land use planning and major accident hazards, Gordon Walker: the land use -planning role - policy and practice; stakeholders, risks and planning intervention; beyond statutory intervention; conclusion. Part 5 Planning and nature conservation - law in the service of biodiversity?, Christopher Rodgers: the theoretical basis of nature conservation law; sites of special scientific interest; the impact of EC environmental law; managing European sites for nature conservation; conclusion. Part 6 Derelict and despoiled land - problem and potential, John Handley: stating the problem; the origins and changing nature of derelict land; derelict land prevention and the planning system; land reclamation to "hard" end-use; land reclamation to "soft" end-use; the potential for community involvement; contaminated land - a special case?; towards a strategic approach; conclusion. Part 7 Environmental assessment, Christopher Wood: EA in Britain - an overview; evaluation of the EIA system; conclusions. Part 8 Planning for sustainable waste management, Judith Petts: environmental impacts and pressures; national sustainable waste management policy; what role for land-use planning?; strategic planning; siting waste facilities; public involvement; conclusions. Part 9 Reconnecting networks and buildings - the development process and the reshaping of water, energy and transport demands, Simon Marvin and Simon Guy: conventional approach to infrastructure provision; a new logic of infrastructure provision; emerging logics - case studies; rethinking the development process; conclusions. Part 10 The environment and the regions - a new agenda for regional development, David Gibbs: regional planning and sustainable development; regional development agencies and sustainable development; conclusions. Part 11 Postscript, Chris Miller.
Chris Miller is a Senior Lecturer in Environmental Management at the University of Salford.