Click to have a closer look
About this book
About this book
Principles of Hydrogeology, Third Edition presents important concepts of groundwater hydrology with a strong emphasis on problem-solving and field applications of hydrogeology. With newly added and revised content, this volume maintains a broad and current scope of topics, from the history of hydrogeology to the latest trends in managing groundwater contamination, arranged in the most compact and easy-to-use format available. The topics of interest include the role of groundwater in the hydrologic cycle; the nature of water-bearing formations; drilling boreholes and constructing monitoring wells; aquifers, well hydraulics, and aquifer tests; groundwater chemistry and flow; groundwater pollution, contaminant transport, remediation, and management. The author also provides the most current sources of hydrogeologic information, including professional societies, groundwater organizations, government agencies, industry publications, and Internet sites that provide data, software, techniques, protocols, standards, and training opportunities. Concise and informative, environmental regulators as well as groundwater and hydrology professionals will find "Principles of Hydrogeology, Third Edition" a handy and irreplaceable source for looking up definitions, tools, and equations while working on groundwater problems.
INTRODUCTIONOrigins of HydrogeologyZones of Underground WaterUses of GroundwaterConjunctive Use of Water ResourcesGroundwater and the Rock CycleHydrologic CycleEvaporation and TranspirationInfiltration and PercolationGroundwater-Surface Water InteractionsRunoffHydrologic BudgetsConverting UnitsHydrogeologic InformationAQUIFERSAquifer MaterialsRecharge and DischargeSpringsConfined and Unconfined AquifersFluid PressureCapillary FringePhysical Properties of AquifersTotal PorosityEffective PorosityIntrinsic PermeabilityHydraulic ConductivityTransmissivitySpecific YieldSpecific RetentionStorage CoefficientMONITORING WELLSDescribing Soil and Rock SamplesDrilling MethodsHollow-Stem AugerSolid-Stem AugerHand AugerCable ToolRotary MethodsDual-Wall Reverse CirculationDriven WellsJet PercussionDirect PushWell ConstructionWater Depth MeasurementsMonitoring ProgramsAmbient MonitoringSource MonitoringCase Preparation MonitoringResearch MonitoringGROUNDWATER FLOWHydraulic GradientGroundwater Discharge and VelocityPermeameters and StandpipesFlow RegimesFlow NetsFlow Net BoundariesFlow Line RefractionFlow Nets in Anisotropic MediaApplication to DamsWELL HYDRAULICS AND AQUIFER TESTSCones of DepressionSteady Flow to WellsTransient Flow to WellsPump Test ConsiderationsRecovery TestsOne-Well Pump TestsSpecific CapacitySlug TestsGROUNDWATER QUALITY AND SOLUTE TRANSPORTSolutes and Flow SystemsCommon Reactions in WaterSources of Groundwater ContaminationSolid Waste LandfillsChemical SpillsSeptic SystemsAgricultural ActivityOilfield BrineSaltwater IntrusionWater Quality StandardsSampling GroundwaterSampling DevicesContainers and PreservativesQuality ControlSpecific Electrical Conductance and TDSSolute TransportAdvection and Hydrodynamic DispersionReactive SolutesPlume ShapesModelsMANAGING GROUNDWATER POLLUTIONSource ControlNatural AttenuationChemical Oxidation/ReductionBioremediationPhytoremediationIn-Well Vapor StrippingBioslurpingInterceptor TrenchesFlushingPump and TreatAir SpargingInclined Drilling and Horizontal WellsRisk-Based Corrective ActionAnswers to Selected ProblemsSymbolsGlossaryReferencesIndex