The Commonwealth Scientific and Industrial Research Organisation (CSIRO) has been Australia’s scientific research agency since 1916.
Among CSIRO’s natural history titles are The Complete Guide to Finding Australian Birds and The Complete Guide to Finding the Mammals of Australia. Other titles include: The Dingo Debate: Origins, Behaviour and Conservation, Reptiles and Amphibians of Australia, and The Complete Guide to the Butterflies of Australia.
CSIRO was the first Australian organisation to start using the internet.
Among CSIRO’s historic projects was the Australian Dung Beetle Project, which ran from 1965 to 1985. Australian dung beetles have evolved alongside marsupials and are unable to process dung from cattle; the project sought to introduce European and South African dung beetles, evolutionary able to process cattle dung, improving fertility of pastures.