River networks are critically important ecosystems. This interdisciplinary book provides an integrated ecohydrological framework blending laboratory, field, and theoretical evidence that changes our understanding of river networks as ecological corridors. It describes how the physical structure of the river environment impacts biodiversity, species invasions, population dynamics, and the spread of waterborne disease. State-of-the-art research on the ecological roles of the structure of river networks is summarized, including important studies on the spread and control of waterborne diseases, biodiversity loss due to water resource management, and invasions by non-native species. Practical implications of this research are illustrated with numerous examples throughout. This is an invaluable go-to reference for graduate students and researchers interested in river ecology and hydrology, and the links between the two. Describing new related research on spatially-explicit modeling of the spread of waterborne disease, River Networks as Ecological Corridors will also be of great interest to epidemiologists and public health managers.
4. Waterborne Disease
5. Afterthoughts and Outlook
Appendix A. Stability of Dynamical Systems and Bifurcation Analysis
Appendix B. Optimal Channel Networks and Geomorphological Statistical Mechanics
Appendix C. Computational Tools for Waterborne Disease Spread
Andrea Rinaldo is Professor and Director of the Laboratory of Ecohydrology at the Ecole Polytechnique Federale de Lausanne (EPFL) and Professor in the Civil, Environmental and Architectural Engineering department at the University of Padua. His research focuses on water controls on biota, for which he has received international recognition including membership of the US National Academies of Sciences and Engineering, the American Academy of Arts and Sciences, and the Royal Swedish Academy of Sciences. He is the co-author of Fractal River Basins: Chance and Self-Organization (with Ignacio Rodríguez-Iturbe, 1997).
Marino Gatto is Professor of Ecology at Politecnico di Milano. His research focuses on ecological modelling, fish population dynamics and management, and parasite ecology. He was President of the Italian Society of Ecology from 2003 to 2006, and is a member of Istituto Lombardo Accademia di Scienze e Lettere and Istituto Veneto di Scienze, Lettere ed Arti.
Ignacio Rodríguez-Iturbe is Distinguished University Professor at Texas A&M University and J. S. McDonnell Distinguished University Professor (Emeritus) at Princeton University. He is a member of the US National Academies of Sciences and Engineering, the American Academy of Arts and Sciences, and the Vatican Academy of Sciences. He has been awarded the Stockholm Water Prize and the Bowie, Horton and Macelwane Medals from the American Geophysical Union. He is the co-author of Fractal River Basins: Chance and Self-Organization (with Andrea Rinaldo, 1997) and Ecohydrology of Water-Controlled Ecosystems: Soil Moisture and Plant Dynamics (with Amilcare Porporato, 2005).
"A banquet of theoretical rigor, disciplinary integration, and insightful applications. Starting from a clear demonstration of the link between biodiversity patterns and processes to the physical template of our planet, and specifically river networks, the authors unleash a tour de force ranging from neutral theory to the spread of humans and pandemics to species invasions and biodiversity loss. Remarkable!"
– Pablo Marquet, Pontifical Catholic University of Chile
"This book is a brilliant marriage of theoretical and empirical exposition, and the most comprehensive integration available of the ecology and geomorphology of fluvial systems. The volume builds original exploration of some of the most fundamental issues in ecological theory upon an authoritative presentation of the mathematical foundations. The authors are unmatched in their expertise and scholarship in the subject, and the current volume is a magnificent capstone to their remarkable individual and collaborative contributions."
– Simon A. Levin, Department of Ecology and Evolutionary Biology, Princeton University
"This monumental book is a wonderful corridor to 'run' through one of the most fascinating frontiers of research, the one linking water, landscapes, ecosystems, and societies. These important topics, here analyzed with the elegant tools of dynamical systems and statistical physics and with attention to field and laboratory observations, will inspire a new generation of environmental scientists."
– Amilcare Porporato, Department of Civil and Environmental Engineering, Princeton University
"This novel approach takes ecohydrology into new territory. With a rich mixture of theory and practical science from both the field and the laboratory, the authors demonstrate how hydrological connectivity in the fluvial network provides the basis for an understanding of biodiversity, migration and the spread of disease in river systems. Spanning the widest range from the molecular via ecosystems to the world's largest river basins, the authors have assembled a broad research field into a single book that will excite and challenge students and researchers for a generation to come."
– Tim Burt, Durham University
"This is the most insightful and powerful analysis of how river networks shape the complex ecological function of riparian corridors through controls on species dispersal, biological invasions, biodiversity patterns, and waterborne disease epidemics. A truly exceptional, comprehensive, and transformative account of theories, experiments, and applications with a wealth of new ideas. This is certain to become the most authoritative, inspiring, and illuminating book of reference in riparian ecohydrology!"
– Paolo D'Odorico, University of California, Berkeley