Rivers of South America examines the physical, chemical, and biological environment of South American Rivers, and the people living in their basins. The book explores the main river basins, with information on each river's history, physiography, clime, hydrology, biodiversity, ecological processes, environmental problems, management, and conservation. The book identifies conservation hotspots for riverine environments, and is enriched with a large number of maps, photos, graphs, and tables. This reference is important for aquatic ecologists, environmental authorities, local and national governments, academics, NGOs, and those interested in the preservation and management of flowing waters.
Section I. Background and approach
1. Introduction to South American Rivers
Section II. Caribbean versants
3. Rivers of the Caribbean
Section II. North Atlantic versants
5. Rivers of the Northern Atlantic
Section III. The Amazon River
6. Amazon (including the Amazon flying river)
Section IV. Central Atlantic
8. São Francisco
9. Small Rivers of the Central Atlantic
Section V. The Paraná-Plata
10. The Paraná Plata
Section VI. Southern Atalntic
12. Other Southern Atlantic rivers
Section VII. Pacific versants
13. Rivers of the Northern Pacific
14. Rivers of the Central Pacific
15. Rivers of the Southern Pacific
Section VIII. Integrity and conservation in a hydrographical network
16. Global and regional changes in rivers and streams in South America: problems and potential solutions
17. Fluvial reserves as (subjects) for conservation
Manuel A.S. Graça is a full Professor of Ecology at the Department of Life Sciences, University of Coimbra, Portugal. He received his PhD from the University of Sheffield, U.K. Since 2003, he is a visiting scientist at the Universidade Federal de Minas Gerais, BH, Brazil. His research interests include leaf litter decomposition, stream ecology, and biomonitoring. Graça is an editor for three journals, has published 134 papers in international journals, authored one book and edited two others.
Marcos Callisto is a full Professor of Ecology at the Departamento de Genética, Ecologia e Evolução, Universidade Federal de Minas Gerais. He received his PhD from the Universidade Federal do Rio de Janeiro, Brazil. Callisto’s research interests include the ecology of headwater streams, freshwater biodiversity conservation, leaf litter decomposition, biomonitoring, environmental education, and ecological assessment. Callisto is on an Editorial Board for a renowned journal, has published over 100 papers in international journals, and 46 book chapters and has been an editor on five books.
Franco Teixeira de Mello is a Professor of Ecology and Environmental Management at the Department of Ecology and Environmental Management, Centro Universitario Regional del Este, Universidad de la República, Uruguay. He received his PhD from the Universidad de la República, Uruguay. His research interests include stream ecology, freshwater fishes, biomonitoring, and leaf litter decomposition. Teixeira de Mello is an editor for three journals, published 54 papers in international journals, authored two books, edited another, and has contributed to 17 book chapters.
Douglas Rodríguez Olarte is a full Professor of Ecology at the Department of Biology, Agronomy Faculty, Universidad Centro Occidental Lisandro Alvarado. He received his PhD from the University Complutense of Madrid, Spain. His research interests include biogeography, integrity, biomonitoring and conservation of freshwater fishes and rivers, and fish and aquatic ecology. Olarte has published 35 papers in international journals and authored one book, edited another, and contributed to 25 book chapters.
Andrea C. Encalada is a full Professor in the Department of Life & Environmental Sciences, BIOSFERA Institute, Universidad San Francisco de Quit. Encalada received her undergraduate Biology degree from Pontificia Universidad Catolica del Ecuador, and later her PhD on Freshwater Ecology from Cornell University in Ithaca, NY. Since 2007, Encalada is a visiting scientist at the Universidade de Coimbra, Portugal, and since 2016 she is an Adjunct Professor at the University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill. Encalada’s research interests include aquatic insects' life history, tropical stream ecology, leaf litter decomposition, climate change, biomonitoring, and Andean-Amazon rivers. Encalada is an editor for two journals, has published 60 papers, and authored two books.