This handbook provides a comprehensive overview and cutting-edge assessment of community forestry.
Containing contributions from academics, practitioners, and professionals, the Routledge Handbook of Community Forestry presents a truly global overview with case studies drawn from across Africa, Asia, Europe, and the Americas. The Handbook begins with an overview of the chapters and a discussion of the concept of community forestry and the key issues. Topics as wide-ranging as Indigenous forestry, conservation and ecosystem management, relationships with industrial forestry, trade and supply systems, land tenure and land grabbing, and climate change are addressed. The Handbook also focuses on governance, looking at the range of approaches employed, including multi-level governance and rights-based approaches, and the principal actors involved from local communities and Indigenous Peoples to governments and national and international non-governmental organisations. The Handbook reveals the importance of the historical context to community forestry and the effects of power and politics. Importantly, the Handbook not only focuses on successful examples of community forestry, but also addresses failures in order to highlight the key challenges we are still facing and potential solutions.
The Routledge Handbook of Community Forestry is essential reading for academics, professionals, and practitioners interested in forestry, natural resource management, conservation, and sustainable development.
1. Introduction / Janette Bulkan, John Palmer, Anne M. Larson, and Mary Hobley
Part 1. Spaces for community forestry in State- and timber-dominated landscapes
2. The difficult art of carving space(s) for community forestry in the Quebec regime / Luc Bouthillier, Guy Chiasson, and Hanneke Beaulieu
3. Community forestry in extractive reserves: The story of Verde para Sempre in Pará State, Brazil / Katiuscia Fernandes Miranda, Manuel Amaral Neto, and Alison Pureza Castilho
Part 2. Multi-level governance and new governance approaches – Global
4. Non-timber forest product value chain development: Lessons from a University’s 20-year partnership in the Maya Biosphere Reserve / Megan Butler, David Wilsey, Dean Current, José Román Carrera, and Deanna Newsom
5. Pathways to community timber production: A comparative analysis of two well-established community-based forest enterprises in Mexico and Brazil / Shoana Humphries, Karen A. Kainer, Dawn Rodriguez-Ward, Ana Luiza Violato Espada, Thomas P. Holmes, Pascual Blanco Reyes, Jones da Silva Santos, and Maria Margarida Ribeiro da Silva
6. Social Forestry and forest tenure conflicts in Indonesia / Myrna Safitri
7. Commercial timber plantations as a means to land and economic restitution in South Africa / Ratsodo Phillip Tshidzumba, Jeanette Clarke and Paxie W. Chirwa
8. Community forestry in Australia: Caring for Country, land, and the bush / Giselle Cruzado Melendez and Peter Kanowski
Part 3. Inter-agency collaborations in Community Forestry – USA
9. Old World and New World collision: Historic land grabs and the contemporary recovery of Indigenous land management practices in the western USA / Janette Bulkan, John Palmer, Anne M. Larson, and Mary Hobley
10. Community forest ownership, rights, and governance regimes in the United States / Kathleen A. McGinley, Susan Charnley, Frederick W. Cubbage and Reem Hajjar, Gregory E. Frey, John Schelhas, Meredith Hovis, and Kailey Kornhauser
11. Community-based forestry in the western United States: Reimagining the role of communities in federal forest management / Cecilia Danks and Yvonne Everett
12. The Weaverville Community Forest: Putting community in the forest / Patrick Frost and Kelly Sheen
13. Community management of Native American, municipal, and private managed forests in northern California, USA / Bill Wilkinson and April Sahara
Part 4. Voluntary forest certification schemes in community forestry
14. Unfinished business: Rethinking certification for smallholders in Southeast Asia / Aidan Flanagan, Stephen Midgley, and Peter Stevens
15. An assessment of FSC certification solutions for smallholders and community-managed forests / Marion Karmann, Zandra Martinez, Joachim Meier-Dörnberg, and Vera Santos
16. Environmental and socio-economic impacts of community forestry and individual small-scale logging in Cameroon / Raphael Tsanga, Paolo Omar Cerutti, Paule Pamela Tabi Eckebil, and Edouard Essiane Mendoula
Part 5. Indigenous forestry / all forest values including Traditional Ecological Knowledge (TEK)
17. The Mistik story: A community forestry approach to large-scale industrial forest management and production / Sheri Andrews-Key, Stephen Wyatt, and Harry Nelson
18. Listening watchfully: Following the Liìl'wat pathway towards reciprocal and relational forest research in Liìl'wat Indigenous Territory, British Columbia, Canada / Emily Doyle-Yamaguchi and Tonya Smith
19. 'We all have this mother’: Land tenure conflicts and Indigenous forest communities in Argentina / Mónica Gabay and Ricardo Julián Apaza
Part 6. Community forestry associations, gender, landscapes
20. Community forestry in British Columbia, Canada: History, successes, and challenges / Jennifer Gunter
21. Achieving political rights, enhancing forest livelihoods: Latin American Indigenous and Afrodescendant women’s views / Omaira Bolaños Cárdenas and Iliana Monterroso
22. ‘Community’ agroforestry and landscape restoration: Towards recognition of the trade-offs and externalities of tree planting / Laura A. German
23. ‘If there is jangal (forest), there is everything’: Exercising stewardship rights and responsibilities in van panchayat community forests, Johar Valley, Uttarakhand, India / Madison Stevens and Ramesh Krishnamurthy
Part 7. Politics and power in community forestry
24. Disempowering democracy: Local representation in community and carbon forestry in Africa / Melis Ece, James Murombedzi, and Jesse Ribot
25. Community Forestry in Myanmar: Centralised decentralisation under conflictual authoritarianism – not yet rights-based resource federalism / Oliver Springate-Baginski
26. Village forestry under donor-driven forestry interventions in Laos / Sabaheta Ramcilovic-Suominen and Irmeli Mustalahti
27. Decoupling agendas: Forestry reform, decentralisation, and Cambodia’s model of community forestry, 1992–2020 / Jeffrey D. Williamson, Tol Sokchea, and Julian Phromphen Atkinson
28. Liberia’s Private Use Permits: Elite capture and dubious community title documents / David Young, Silas Kpanan'Ayoung Siakor and Jonathan W. Yiah
29. Community forestry in the changing political and social context of Nepal / Mary Hobley and Yam B. Malla
Part 8. New directions in community forestry
30. Mexican community forestry as a global model for biodiversity conservation and climate change adaptation and mitigation / David Barton Bray and Elvira Durán
31. Community-based empowerment through land reform in Scotland: The case of forest ownership / Anna Lawrence
32. Dynamics in community forestry in the Netherlands: Impacts of changing cultural ecological knowledge / Koen Arts, Thomas J.M. Mattijssen, and K. Freerk Wiersum
33. Conclusion: Some paths ahead for community forestry / Janette Bulkan, John Palmer, Anne M. Larson, and Mary Hobley
Janette Bulkan is an associate professor in the Faculty of Forestry, University of British Columbia, Canada. She is a member of the editorial board of the Journal of Sustainable Forestry and an associate editor of Frontiers in Forests and Global Change. She is a member of the Advisory Board of the University of Guyana's GREEN Institute.
John Palmer is a senior associate linked to the Forest Management Trust (MT, USA) and works on tropical and international forestry issues. He is a member of the editorial board of the International Forestry Review.
Anne M. Larson is a principal scientist at CIFOR, the Center for International Forestry Research and Leader of the team on Equal Opportunities, Gender, Justice and Tenure. She is a member of the council of the International Land Coalition (ILC) and the board of the Rights and Resources Initiative (RRI).
Mary Hobley has more than 30 years of experience working in Asia, Africa, the Caribbean, and Europe, concentrating on forestry, social anthropology, and political science. She works with a broad range of actors, including senior government, local government, private sector, non-government, and civil society groups.