About this book
This work tackles the issue of small- and medium-sized enterprises (SMEs) and their environmental impact. Individually, the environmental impact of these enterprises might be small but, collectively, they pose a huge and largely unregulated threat to national and indeed the global environment. Dr Ruth Hillary brings together an international collection of experts from government, international and national support agencies, academics and the business community to present arguments about the key environmental business imperatives facing the small-firm sector. The book is divided into four sections covering: attitudes and perceptions of small firms to the environment and sustainability; environmental management in the smaller firm; practical strategies for reaching SMEs; and case studies from around the world. In these sections, the book examines the threats - such as trade, supply chain issues and legislative compliance - but is also solution-oriented, with discussion of the management tools smaller firms can use to improve their environmental performance. It aims to provide practical strategies for smaller firms and to that end includes a range of informative case studies from around the world.
Foreword Chris Fay, Chairman, Advisory Committee on Business and the Environment (ACBE), UK Introduction Ruth Hillary, Network for Environmental Management and Auditing, London, UK Section 1: Attitudes and Perceptions of Small Firms to the Environment and Sustainability 1. Small firms and the environment: factors that influence small and medium-sized enterprises' environmental behaviour Ann Smith, Department of Environmental Sciences, University of Hertfordshire, UK, Robert Kemp, London Transport, UK, and Charles Duff, The Groundwork Foundation, Birmingham, UK 2. Small firms' environmental ethics: How deep do they go? Fiona Tilley, Foresight Research Centre, Durham University Business School, UK 3. Small and medium-sized enterprises and environmental compliance: attitudes among management and non-management Judith Petts, Centre for Environmental Research and Training, University of Birmingham, UK 4. Small and medium-sized enterprises' perceptions of the environment: a study from Spain Manuel Ludevid Anglada, Echevarria & Asociados, Barcelona, Spain 5. Sustainable development and small to medium-sized enterprises: a long way to go Paul Gerrans, School of Finance and Business Economics, Edith Cowan University, Perth, Western Australia, and Bill Hutchinson, School of Management Information Systems, Edith Cowan University, Perth, Western Australia 6. Small business, sustainability and trade Lynn Johannson, E2 Management Corporation (E2M), Ontario, Canada Section 2: Environmental Management in the Smaller Firm 7. Environmental management tools: some options for small and medium-sized enterprises Richard Starkey, Centre for Corporate Environmental Management, University of Huddersfield, UK 8. Size matters: barriers and prospects for environmental management in small and medium-sized enterprises Agneta Gerstenfeld and Hewitt Roberts, Entropy International Environmental Consulting Ltd, UK 9. What are 'appropriate' systems for assessing environmental risks and performance in small businesses? Simon Whalley, Source Environmental Management Ltd and Environmental Risk Rating Ltd 10. The Eco-Management and Audit Scheme, ISO 14001 and the smaller firm Ruth Hillary, Network for Environmental Management and Auditing, London, UK 11. Promoting cleaner production in small and medium-sized enterprises Jonathan Hobbs, Business Council for Sustainable Development (North Sea Region) 12. An approach to sustainable product development relevant to small and medium-sized enterprises John Holmberg and Ulrika Lundqvist, Department of Physical Resource Theory, Chalmers University of Technology and Goteborg University, Sweden, and Karl-Henrik Robert, The Natural Step, Stockholm, Sweden 13. Environmental innovation and small and medium-sized enterprises Sandra Meredith, Centre for Research in Innovation Management, University of Brighton, UK Section 3: Practical Strategies for Reaching Small and Medium-Sized Enterprises 14. Developing better systems for communications: environmental best practice in small business Garrette Clark, United Nations Environment Programme's Division of Technology, Industry and Economics, Paris, France 15. Environment, information and networks: how does information reach small and medium-sized enterprises? Jane Hunt, Centre for the Study of Environmental Change, University of Lancaster, UK 16. Local authorities in dialogue with small and medium-sized enterprises Charlotte Pedersen, Deloitte & Touche Environmental Services, Copenhagen, Denmark 17. The mentoring of small and medium-sized enterprises: insights from experiences in the United States Walter W. Tunnessen III, Business and Environment Program, National Environmental Education and Training Foundation, Washington DC, USA 18. Greening the supply chain: are formal environmental management systems appropriate for the needs of small and medium-sized enterprises? Alan Powell, Enviro-Mark System Ltd, Derbyshire, UK 19. The interrelationship between environmental regulators, small and medium-sized enterprises and environmental help organisations Tim Fanshawe, Environment Agency, Bristol, UK 20. Time to reassess the small business environmental advisory system in the UK Erik Bichard, The National Centre for Business and Ecology, Manchester, UK 21. Driving small and medium-sized enterprises towards environmental management: policy implementation in networks Theo de Bruijn and Kris Lulofs, Center for Clean Technology and Environmental Policy, University of Twente, The Netherlands Section 4: Case Studies from around the World 22. Small-scale enterprises and the environment in developing countries Andrew Scott, Intermediate Technology Development Group, Rugby, UK 23. Small plants, industrial pollution and poverty: evidence from Brazil and Mexico Susmita Dasgupta, Development Economics Research Group, World Bank, Washington, DC, USA, Robert E.B. Lucas, Economics Department, Boston University, MA, USA, and David Wheeler, Development Economics Research Group, World Bank, Washington, DC, USA 24. Integration of environmental management systems and cleaner production: an Indonesian case study Liana Bratasida, Environmental Impact Management Agency, Indonesia 25. Implementation of ISO 14001 in small and medium-sized enterprises: the Japanese experience Keikou Terui, Standards Conformity Division, Agency of Industrial Science and Technology, Ministry of International Trade and Industry, Japan 26. Helping small and medium-sized enterprises improve environmental management: lessons from proactive small and micro firms Jason Palmer, Eclipse Research Consultants, Cambridge, UK 27. The environmental champion: making a start. Westfield: an SME success story Liz Walley, Department of Business Studies, Manchester Metropolitan University, UK