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About this book
About this book
Demonstrating that a tropical climate may vary from hot and humid to cool and arctic with elevation, this book explores the climate, soil zones, and altitudinal variations in soil formation. The author discusses the genesis, properties, classification, and land use of the soils. He covers the development of soil science in Indonesia, the geography and geomorphology of the archipelago, climate, vegetation, and minerailzation and humidification processes. The book then examines the major soils in Indonesia, their genesis, properties, taxonomy, land sue, and evaluation. It addresses the cultivation of local farm, estate, and industrial crops and their differences from lowland to highland regions.
Contents The Development of Soil Science in Indonesia The Pre-World War II Period The Post-World War II Period Geomorphology of Indonesia Geographical Setting of Indonesia Geomorphology of Major Islands Climate of Indonesia Climate Climatic Divisions Based on Length of Dry and Wet Seasons Altitudinal Variations in Climate Significance of Tropical and Monsoon Climates in Pedogenesis Vegetation of Indonesia Climax Vegetation Vegetation Provinces Altitudinal Vegetation Zones Soil formation, Classification, and Land Use Soil Formation Factors Soil-Forming Processes The System of Soil Classification in Indonesia Land Use in Indonesia Soils in the Lowlands of Indonesia Introduction Oxisols Ultisols Lowland Alfisols Vertisols Histosols Soils in the Upland of Indonesia Introduction Podzolic Latosols Inceptisols Soils in the Mountains of Indonesia Introduction Highland Alfisols Brown Podzolic Soils Spodosols Andosols of Indonesia Introduction Parent Materials Climate Soil Morphology Soil Classification Physicochemical Characteristics Land use and Evaluation References and Additional Readings