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Relates the physical and geometric elegance of geologic structures within the Earth's crust and the ways in which these structures reflect the nature and origin of crystal deformation through time. The main thrust is on applications in regional tectonics, exploration geology, active tectonics and geohydrology. Techniques, experiments, and calculations are described in detail, with the purpose of offering active participation and discovery through laboratory and field work.
PART I FUNDAMENTALS. CHAPTER 1 Nature of Structural Geology. CHAPTER 2 Displacement and Strain. CHAPTER 3 Force, Stress, and Strength. CHAPTER 4 Deformation Mechanisms and Microstructures. PART II STRUCTURES. CHAPTER 5 Joints. CHAPTER 6 Faults. CHAPTER 7 Folds. CHAPTER 8 Fault-Fold Interactions. CHAPTER 9 Foliations and Lineations. CHAPTER 10 Shear Zones. CHAPTER 11Active Tectonics. CONCLUDING THOUGHTS. PART III DESCRIPTIVE ANALYSIS. A. Nature of Descriptive Analysis. B. Geologic Mapping. C. Mapping Contact Relations. D. Identifying Primary Structures. E. Measuring the Orientations of Structures. F. Preparing Geologic Cross Sections. G. Preparing Subsurface Contour Maps. H. Using Orthographic Projection. I. Carrying Out Stereographic Projection. J. Evaluating Rotation Using Stereographic Projection. K. Determining Slip on Faults through Orthographic and Stereographic Projection. L. Carrying Out Strain Analysis. M. Determining the Relationship of Faults to Principal Stress Directions. N. Carrying Out Joint Analysis. O. Engaging in Fault Analysis. P. Carrying Out Fold Analysis. Q. Deciphering Structure in Boreholes. R. Studying Shear Zones in the Field. S. Determining Focal Mechanisms for Earthquakes. REFERENCES. AUTHOR INDEX. SUBJECT INDEX.