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About this book
About this book
The erythrocyte is perhaps the world's single best known cell; the red cell made its debut in a few invertebrates and thereupon conducted a conceptual phylogenetic odyssey through the Classes of poikilothermic vertebrates, onward to the first homeotherms, the avians, and thereafter to the mammals including man. The erythrocyte presents morphologic, cytochemical and quantitative adaptations as it progresses through its evolutionary continuum.
This volume is a comprehensive monograph regarding the erythrocyte in birds which explores the evolutionary relationship of the avian erythrocyte with the erythrocytes of the antecedent lower vertebrates (e.g., amphibians and reptiles) and the subsequent mammalians. It also presents comprehensive tabular erythrocytic taxonomically organized data which serve as a reference source as well as documentation for statements expressed in the text.
Maturation: erythroblast to erythrocyte Erythrocyte precursors: quantitative representation in hemopoietic bone marrow Cytoskeleton Vascular system and architecture of hemopoietic bone marrow Relationship of bone marrow sinuses and erythropoiesis Erythropoiesis during embryogenesis: general plan Yolk sac erythropoiesis: early phase Germ disc: earliest commitment to erythroblast formation Ultrastructure of early yolk sac erythropoiesis Yolk sac erythropoiesis: later phase Hemopoietic stem cells and quail-chick chimeras Intraembryonic hemopoietic stem cell: origin and distribution Hepatic and splenic erythropoiesis during embryogenesis Medullary erythropoiesis during embryogenesis Circulating erythrocytes and marrow erythroblasts in the domestic chicken embryo and hatchling: quantitative aspects Embryonic erythropoiesis: an altricial passeriforme versus a precocial galliforme Hepatic erythropoiesis in the adult Thymic erythropoiesis Erythrocyte counts, hemoglobin levels and hematocrits Red cell indices (MCV, MCH, MCHC) Configuration of the erythrocyte Erythrocyte-based values and gender relationships Erythrocyte size and variations other than genderrelated Erythroid parameters and relationships with age and other conditions Erythroid profile and migratory behavior of the avian Erythrocytic picture and altitude of habitat Season and erythroid picture Interaction of erythropoiesis, egg laying, and iron metabolism Breeding cycle of a pelagic seabird Avian hemoglobins: adult and embryonic Blood volume Life span of the erythrocyte Apoptosis Erythroplastids (denucleated erythrocytes) Staining and cytochemistry Osmotic fragility Erythroid reservoir function of the spleen in fowl Telomeres Anemia Polycythemia Erythroid response to hemorrhage Phenylhydrazine-induced anemia and Heinz bodies Assessment of erythropoietic status of bone marrow Avian C-value Metals and erythropoiesis Parasitization of the erythrocyte Haemoproteus Plasmodium Leucocytozoon Babesia Aegyptianella Erythroleukemia Erythrocytes and pathologic conditions/agents Folic acid deficiency and megaloblasts Rapeseed and dimethyl disulphide Aflatoxin Prudhoe Bay crude and other oil Bacterial disease Viral disease Organophosphates Ascites syndrome Fenbendazole Antibiotics and chicks Antibiotics and chicks Immune-mediated hemolytic anemia Ethanol Hormones and erythropoiesis Avian erythrocyte: a generator of cytokines Anticoagulants: impact upon erythrocytes Table 1: Erythrocyte Counts and Related Values in Avians Appendix: Genus, Species and Other Taxa of Cited Avians and Non-Avians Glossary: Common Names of Species Cited in the Text and Tables