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About this book
About this book
Comprehensive overview of the Cartagena Protocol, the international treaty governing biosafety and trade in biotechnology, adopted in January 2000 which forms part of the Convention on Biological Diversity. This volume presents the scientific and commercial background and analyses the interests at stake, the operations and implications of the Protocol and the prospects for the future.
Foreword by Klaus TOpfer About the authors. Chronology of events Part I: Background: the road to the Cartagena Protocol and beyond 1 Negotiating the biosafety protocol: the international process Robert Falkner. 2 The road to the biosafety protocol Hamdallah Zedan. 3 A mandate for a biosafety protocol: the Jakarta negotiations Antonio G. M. La Vina . 4 The Biosafety Working Group (BSWG) process: a personal account from the chair Veit KOster 5 The extraordinary meeting of the Conference of the Parties (ExCOP) Christian Samper 6 The follow-up process and the Intergovernmental Committee for the Cartagena Protocol (ICCP) Philemon Yang 7 Scientific aspects of the biosafety debate Helmut Gaugitsch Part II: The making of the protocol: actors' perspectives on the negotiations Miami Group 8 United States Cathleen A. Enright. 9 Canada Richard Ballhorn Like-Minded Group 10 Ethiopia Tewolde B. G. Egziabher. 11 Jamaica Elaine Fisher 12 Brazil Arthur H. Villanova Nogueira 13 Philippines Bernarditas C. Muller. 14 Seychelles John Nevill. 15 Iran Mohammad Reza Salamat. 16 China Cai Lijie European Union 17 European Union Christoph Bail, Jean Paul Decaestecker and Matthias Jorgensen. Compromise Group 18 Switzerland Beat Nobs. 19 Norway Birthe Ivars ... 20 Japan Kiyo Akasaka 21 Mexico Amanda Galvez. Central and Eastern Europe 22 Central and Eastern Europe Gabor Nechay.. Environment ministers: political perspectives on the final negotiations 23 Colombia Juan Mayr 24 United Kingdom Michael Meacher.. 25 Canada David Anderson 26 European Commission Margot WallstrOm Environmental NGOs 27 Greenpeace International Louise Gale. 28 Third World Network Gurdial Singh Nijar. 29 Environment Business & Development Group Richard Tapper.. Industry 30 Global Industry Coalition Laura M. Reifschneider. Part III: Key elements of the protocol 31 Definitions Piet van der Meer. 32 Scope Helen Marquard. 33 Advance informed agreement procedures Eric Schoonejans ... 34 Commodities Francois Pythoud. 35 Risk assessment Robert Andren and Bill Parish 36 Documentation Johan Bodegard 37 Capacity-building and the Biosafety Clearing-House John Herity. 38 Non-parties Kate Cook 39 Socio-economic considerations Rajen Habib Khwaja 40 Liability and redress Worku Damena. 41 Liability: 'No Liability, No Protocol' Kate Cook. 42 The financial mechanism John W. Ashe 43 Legal and institutional issues Katharina Kummer. 44 Annexes Gert Willemse. 45 The precautionary principle Laurence Graff 46 The relationship with other international agreements: an EU perspective Margarida Afonso. 47 The relationship with other agreements: much ado about a savings clause Sabrina Safrin Part IV: Implications for environment, trade and development: an assessment 48 Prospects for international environmental law Ruth Mackenzie and Philippe Sands.. 49 Implications for trade law and policy: towards convergence and integration Thomas Cottier. 50 The significance of the protocol for WTO dispute settlement Robert Howse and Joshua Meltzer. 51 A developing-country perspective Amarjeet Ahuja 52 The Global Environment Facility and the protocol Avani Vaish.. 53 Conclusion Christoph Bail, Robert Falkner and Helen Marquard. Part V: Appendices A1 Cartagena Protocol on Biosafety to the Convention on Biological Diversity: full text .. A2 Protocol on biosafety: draft negotiation text (excerpts). A3 Article 19 of the Convention on Biological Diversity (1992): handling of biotechnology and distribution of its benefits ..... A4 The 'Jakarta mandate' (1995): decision II/5 of the Conference of the Parties.. A5 Further reading on international biosafety. Index
Christoph Bail is Head of the Environment and Development Unit in the European Commission's Environment Directorate-General. Robert Falkner is Lecturer in International Relations at the University of Essex and Associate Fellow of the Sustainable Development Programme at the Royal Institute of International Affairs (RIIA). Helen Marquard is Head of the Europe Environment Division in the Department for Environment, Food and Rural Affairs (UK)
578 pages, no illustrations
'The Cartagena Protocol has been hailed as a significant step forward, a major millennial milestone that provides an international regulatory framework to reconcile the respective needs of trade on the one hand and environmental protection on the other, with respect to one of the fastest-growing global industries - biotechnology' From the Foreword by KLAUS TOPFER United Nations Under-Secretary General, Executive Director, United Nations Environment Programme