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About this book
About this book
Two and a half billion people are affected directly on a day to day basis by the allocation and use of purely local resources. Yet 'official' development economics has concentrated on headline international issues and only recently begun to take account of the dependence of poor countries on their natural resources, the link between acute poverty and environmental degredation, and the problems associated with the management of local common property such as soil and soil cover, water, forests and their products, animals and fisheries. In these volumes, which are part of the WIDER programme on the Economics of the Environment, expert contributors provide a set of authoritative studies of emerging development issues, ranging from foundational matters to case studies, original research (in areas where there has been a paucity of work) to survey papers. They address both analytic and empirical issues on the role of environmental resources in the development process, presenting explanations of existing situations and policies for the future. A wealth of interests and backgrounds is represented and reflected in the cross-fertilization between papers.
1. The Resource-Basis of Production and Consumption: An Economic Analysis; I RIGHTS AND THE LEGAL FRAMEWORK; 2. On a Clear Day, You Can See the Coase Theorem; 3. Common-Property Resource-Management in Traditional Societies; II ACCOUNTING FOR ENVIRONMENTAL DEGRADATION; 4. A Water Perspective on Poulation, Environmnent, and Development; 5. Environmental Statistics and the National Accounts; 6. The Environment and Net National Product; 7. Can Computable General-Equilibrium Models Shed Light on the Environmental Problems of Developing Countries?; 8. Development Strategies and the Environment; III DECISION UNDER UNCERTAINTY; 9. Choice under Uncertainty: Problems Solved and Unsolved; IV RECIPROCAL EXTERNALITIES: LOCAL AND GLOBAL; 10. Endogenous Fertility and the Environment: A Parable of Firewood; 11. Is Co-opertaion Habit-Forming?; 12. Efficiency Issues and the Montreal Protocol on CFCs; 13. CO2 and the Greenhouse Effect: A Game-Theoretic Exploration; V UNIDIRECTIONAL EXTERNALITIES; 14. Analysis and Management of Watersheds; 15. The Management of Costal Wetlans: Economic Analysis of Combined Ecologic-Economic Systems; 16. Urban Air Pollution in Developing Countries: Problems and Policies; VI MACROECONOMIC POLICIES AND ENVIRONMENTAL RESOURCE-USE; 17. Macroeconomic Policies and Deforestation; 18. Microeconomic Responses to Macroeconomic Reforms: The Optimal Control of Soil Erosion; VII VALUATION AND MANAGEMENT; 19. Valuation of Tropical Forests; 20. The Management of Drylands; 21. Management of Wildlife and Habitat in Developing Countries; 22. Public Policy toward Social Overhead Capital: The Capitalization Externality