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Primary sexual traits, those structures and processes directly involved in reproduction, are some of the most diverse, specialized and bizarre in the animal kingdom. Moreover, reproductive traits are often species-specific, suggesting that they evolved very rapidly. This diversity, long the province of taxonomists, has recently attracted broader interest from evolutionary biologists, especially those interested in sexual selection and the evolution of reproductive strategies.
In this volume, the authors explore a wide variety of primary sexual characters and selective pressures that have shaped them, from natural selection for offspring survival to species-isolating mechanisms, sperm competition, cryptic female choice and sexual arms races.
1. Introduction: Celebrating and Understanding Reproductive Diversity; JANET L. LEONARD; PART I: GENERAL CONSIDERATIONS; 2. The Distinction between Primary and Secondary Sexual Characters; MICHAEL T. GHISELIN; 3. The Evolution of Sexes, Gametes, and Sexual Systems: Natural vs. Sexual Selection; JANET L. LEONARD; 4. Rapid Divergent Evolution of Genitalia: Theory and Data Updated; WILLIAM G. EBERHARD; 5. Killing Time: A Mechanism of Sexual Conflict and Sexual Selection; PATRICIA ADAIR GOWATY AND STEPHEN P. HUBBELL; PART II: PRIMARY SEXUAL CHARACTERS IN SELECTED TAXA; 6. Gamete Release and Spawning Behavior in Broadcast Spawning Marine Invertebrates; KATIE E. LOTTERHOS AND DON R. LEVITAN; 7. Prosobranchs with Internal Fertilization; ALAN N. HODGSON; 8. Opisthobranchs; ANGEL VALDES, TERRENCE M. GOSLINER, AND MICHAEL T. GHISELIN; 9. Basommatophoran Gastropods; PHILIPPE JARNE, PATRICE DAVID, JEAN-PIERRE POINTIER, AND JORIS M. KOENE; 10. Stylommatophoran Gastropods; BRUNO BAUR; 11. An Ancient Indirect Sex Model: Single and Mixed Patterns in the Evolution of Scorpion Genitalia; ALFREDO V. PERETTI; 12. Spider Genitalia: Precise Maneuvers with a Numb Structure in a Complex Lock; WILLIAM G. EBERHARD AND BERNHARD A. HUBER; 13. Genitalic Evolution in Opiliones; ROGELIO MACIAS-ORDONEZ, GLAUCO MACHADO, ABEL PEREZ-GONZALEZ, AND JEFFREY W. SHULTZ; 14. The Evolution of Male and Female Internal Reproductive Organs in Insects; NINA WEDELL AND DAVID J. HOSKEN; 15. Selective Forces Propelling Genitalic Evolution in Odonata; ADOLFO CORDERO RIVERA AND ALEX CORDOBA-AGUILAR; 16. Postcopulatory Sexual Selection in the Coleoptera: Mechanisms and Consequences; PAUL EADY; 17. Fertilization Mode, Sperm Competition, and Cryptic Female Choice Shape: Primary Sexual Characters in Fish; MICHAEL TABORSKY AND FRANCIS C. NEAT; 18. Evolution of Primary Sexual Characters in Amphibians; LYNNE D. HOUCK AND PAUL A. VERRELL; 19. Evolution of Primary Sexual Characters in Reptiles; TOBIAS ULLER, DEVI STUART-FOX, AND MATS OLSSON; 20. Sexual Conflict and the Intromittent Organs of Male Birds; ROBERT MONTGOMERIE; 21. Genitalic Traits of Mammals: Systematics and Variation; EDWARD H. MILLER; 22. The Evolution of Primary Sexual Characters in Animals: A Summary; ALEX CORDOBA-AGUILAR; INDEX
"A broad and thorough compendium that covers cutting-edge theoretical issues and includes taxonomic overviews by leading experts. For serious students of sexual selection, reproductive behavior, and sexual diversity, this book will uncover a plethora of fascinating facts and make them feel like the proverbial kid in the candy store!" -Zuleyma Tang-Martinez, Professor of Biology, University of Missouri-St. Louis
"Most biologists, myself included, probably feel they have a good understanding of primary and secondary sexual characters and how they relate to natural and sexual selection. But this volume of well-chosen chapters offers a whole new perspective. A broad spectrum of outstanding authors covers diverse taxa and reproductive modes. Not only does this comprehensive treatment inform Graham Bell's 'queen of problems in evolutionary biology, ' it helps extend this fascinating topic to a broader audience. Well written and edited, richly illustrated, and full of details, the volu